Sachsenburg Castle rises near Frankenberg, Saxony, on a rock over the Zschopau river. The castle complex, which was built in the early 13th century at the latest, was converted into a castle in the 1480s. The complex is one of the few examples of a completely preserved late Gothic residential palace in Saxony.

The Lords of Sachsenburg were mentioned for the first time in 1197. It is uncertain whether a castle already existed at that time. Around 1210/30, however, the existence of the castle can be reliably proven on the basis of archaeological finds. The builders were evidently the Lords of Mildenstein.

Since 1610 the castle served as an administrative building for the Electoral Saxon Office of Sachsenburg with Frankenberg. During the Thirty Years War , the first and second outer bailey were destroyed and the castle looted.

From 1864 the castle was used as custody for young female prisoners and in 1867 a penal and correctional institution was established here. The property was only reserved for prisoners until 1926, and from 1914 onwards there were prisoners of war (Russians, including interned academics and students of the Freiberg Mining Academy , Englishmen, Serbs).

Along with Lichtenburg, Sachsenburg was among the first concentration camps to be built by the Nazis, and operated by the SS from 1933 to 1937. The camp was an abandoned four-story textile mill which was renovated in May 1933 to serve as a 'protective custody' facility for dissidents such as Jehovah's Witnesses, who opposed the Nazi regime.

Today the castle restoration is in progress.



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Founded: c. 1210
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Hohenstaufen Dynasty (Germany)

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3.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Stanley Baas (11 months ago)
A small journey into the past. Was there with my little daughter and she found it very interesting. The boards with the description of the individual buildings and the people who had to live there are beautiful. Then you can do a nice hiking tour over a suspension bridge.
Andrea Rothe (12 months ago)
Unfortunately under renovation
Fred Boecker (12 months ago)
Leider immer noch Baustelle. Man sieht aber den Fortschritt der Arbeiten. Wird bestimmt einmal wunderschön aussehen.
Michael Tomasini (15 months ago)
Nice place for a hike.
Jo K. (2 years ago)
When you have found access to the castle, you are faced with the result of decades of planned and mismanaged management. A run-down castle, which now has to be completely renovated with enormous financial expenditure by the Federal Republic of Germany, the state of Saxony and the city of Frankenberg. It is supposed to be ready in December 2021, and what you see will probably be pretty nice again. At the moment it is not worth climbing the stairs. (03.09.2020)
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