The Franciscan monastery in Meißen was founded around 1258. The monastery church of St. Peter and Paul was built around 1350-1400. After a fire, the church was vaulted again in 1447-1457. In the course of the Reformation , the convent was dissolved in 1539. The choir was canceled in 1823 after it fell into disrepair. A beamed ceiling was installed in the nave, which was lowered around 1900 in connection with its use as a museum for the Meißner Altertumsverein. A neo-Gothic staircase was set up as access . In 1929, a pedestrian passage was created in the west using the earlier portals. The church was later fitted with steel fixtures and set up for use Meißen City Museum.
Since the conversion into a museum exhibition hall, precious exhibits from the last 1,000 years of the city’s history have been presented, for example, the largest and oldest wine press of Saxony or the last existing Elbe River fishing boat. Different special exhibitions have focused on interesting details of the Meißen history. For example, an additional exhibition shows the development of the city to a German stronghold of porcelain production. Another example is the construction of the Cathedral’s towers 100 years ago.
The Castle of Gruyères is one of the most famous in Switzerland. It was built between 1270 and 1282, following the typical square plan of the fortifications in Savoy. It was the property of the Counts of Gruyères until the bankruptcy of the Count Michel in 1554. His creditors the cantons of Fribourg and Bern shared his earldom. From 1555 to 1798 the castle became residence to the bailiffs and then to the prefects sent by Fribourg.
In 1849 the castle was sold to the Bovy and Balland families, who used the castle as their summer residency and restored it. The castle was then bought back by the canton of Fribourg in 1938, made into a museum and opened to the public. Since 1993, a foundation ensures the conservation as well as the highlighting of the building and the art collection.
The castle is the home of three capes of the Order of the Golden Fleece. They were part of the war booty captured by the Swiss Confederates (which included troops from Gruyères) at the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1476. As Charles the Bold was celebrating the anniversary of his father's death, one of the capes is a black velvet sacerdotal vestment with Philip the Good's emblem sewn into it.
A collection of landscapes by 19th century artists Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Barthélemy Menn and others are on display in the castle.