The Franciscan monastery in Meißen was founded around 1258. The monastery church of St. Peter and Paul was built around 1350-1400. After a fire, the church was vaulted again in 1447-1457. In the course of the Reformation , the convent was dissolved in 1539. The choir was canceled in 1823 after it fell into disrepair. A beamed ceiling was installed in the nave, which was lowered around 1900 in connection with its use as a museum for the Meißner Altertumsverein. A neo-Gothic staircase was set up as access . In 1929, a pedestrian passage was created in the west using the earlier portals. The church was later fitted with steel fixtures and set up for use Meißen City Museum.
Since the conversion into a museum exhibition hall, precious exhibits from the last 1,000 years of the city’s history have been presented, for example, the largest and oldest wine press of Saxony or the last existing Elbe River fishing boat. Different special exhibitions have focused on interesting details of the Meißen history. For example, an additional exhibition shows the development of the city to a German stronghold of porcelain production. Another example is the construction of the Cathedral’s towers 100 years ago.
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.