Průhonice Castle Park is one of the most significant castle parks in the Czech Republic. Since 2010, it has been protected as a national cultural monument. Later in 2010, it also has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites (as part of Historic Centre of Prague). It is described as original masterpiece of garden landscape architecture of worldwide importance. It has area of 250 hectares (620 acres). It was founded in 1885 by Count Arnošt Emanuel Silva Tarouca.
The Dendrological Garden was founded in the 1970s. It has an area of 73 ha (180 acres). There are about 5,000 taxa of woody plants and perennials, which makes it one of the largest collections of ornamental plants in the country.
The Romanesque Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary is located in the park. It is the oldest preserved building in the municipality.
The Neo-Renaissance castle is only partially open to the public, but it is still possible to admire its beauty, for example, in the Knight's Hall, which is a popular place for wedding ceremonies or in its courtyard.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.