The origins of Gesualdo Castle can be traced back to the Middle Ages during the Lombard conquests in southern Italy in the 7th century. It was founded either by the legendary Knight Sessualdo or by Radelchi, Prince of Benevento, as a defensive outpost. The first documented records date back to the 12th century under Norman rule, with William of Altavilla as the first lord. The castle gained importance during the Norman-Swabian era and became a prominent fortress in the region.
Carlo Gesualdo, a descendant of the Norman line, transformed the castle into a Renaissance-style mansion in the late 15th century. Over the centuries, the castle suffered damage and looting during various conflicts, including the Franco-Spanish War and the arrival of French troops in 1799. It underwent significant renovations in the 19th century and was designated as a site of historical and artistic value in 1913. The castle was severely damaged in the 1980 Irpinia earthquake and has undergone ongoing restoration efforts. Currently, a portion of the castle is open to the public, and future plans include establishing a polyphony education high school within its premises.
La Hougue Bie is a Neolithic ritual site which was in use around 3500 BC. Hougue is a Jèrriais/Norman language word meaning a \'mound\' and comes from the Old Norse word haugr. The site consists of 18.6m long passage chamber covered by a 12.2m high mound. The site was first excavated in 1925 by the Société Jersiaise. Fragments of twenty vase supports were found along with the scattered remains of at least eight individuals. Gravegoods, mostly pottery, were also present. At some time in the past, the site had evidently been entered and ransacked.
In Western Europe, it is one of the largest and best preserved passage graves and the most impressive and best preserved monument of Armorican Passage Grave group. Although they are termed \'passage graves\', they were ceremonial sites, whose function was more similar to churches or cathedrals, where burials were incidental.