Maidla manor (Wrangelstein) traces its history back to at least 1465, although the village is mentioned for the first time as early as the 13th century, in the Danish Census Book. The manor estate has over the centuries belonged to several different aristocratic families. The present baroque manor house was built in 1764-1767 according to plans by architect J. P. Dürschmidt, during the ownership of the Wrangel family. After the Estonian land reform that followed the declaration of independence of Estonia in 1919, the manor was converted into a school. The manor is a fine example of baroque manor house architecture in Estonia. Details such as the finely carved door, interior stucco decoration and the pediment decorated with coats-of-arms, survive.References:
The Externsteine (Extern stones) is a distinctive sandstone rock formation located in the Teutoburg Forest, near the town of Horn-Bad Meinberg. The formation is a tor consisting of several tall, narrow columns of rock which rise abruptly from the surrounding wooded hills. Archaeological excavations have yielded some Upper Paleolithic stone tools dating to about 10,700 BC from 9,600 BC.
In a popular tradition going back to an idea proposed to Hermann Hamelmann in 1564, the Externsteine are identified as a sacred site of the pagan Saxons, and the location of the Irminsul (sacral pillar-like object in German paganism) idol reportedly destroyed by Charlemagne; there is however no archaeological evidence that would confirm the site's use during the relevant period.
The stones were used as the site of a hermitage in the Middle Ages, and by at least the high medieval period were the site of a Christian chapel. The Externsteine relief is a medieval depiction of the Descent from the Cross. It remains controversial whether the site was already used for Christian worship in the 8th to early 10th centuries.
The Externsteine gained prominence when Völkisch and nationalistic scholars took an interest in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This interest peaked under the Nazi regime, when the Externsteine became a focus of nazi propaganda. Today, they remain a popular tourist destination and also continue to attract Neo-Pagans and Neo-Nazis.