Vasalemma (Wassalem) estate was founded in 1825 and in 1890-93 the present manor house was erected by Baltic German landowner Eduard von Baggehufwudt. The architect was Konstantin Wilcken, who designed the house in a bare limestone neo-Gothic style. Several interior details have survived from this period, such as wainscoting, coffered ceilings and pig-iron ovens. Today it houses a school.



Your name


Founded: 1890-1893
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Estonia
Historical period: Part of the Russian Empire (Estonia)

More Information


4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Kristaps Kalnozols (2 months ago)
Manor teritory is open and possible to visit it from outside. In the building is located school and it's not possible to visit manor inside. The manor house is one of the most remarkable examples of neo-Gothic architecture in Estonia. The manor was established by the von Ramms after the Great Northern War [1700-1721, between Russia and Sweden). In 1886 the manor was bought by V. von Baggehufwudt, the owner of Saku manor, a manufacturer who was a patron of the arts. The luxurious mansion was completed for his son Eduard von Baggehufwudt in 1890-93 to the design of the architect K. Wilcken. Local limestone called Vasalemma marble was used in the construction. Johann Weiss from Silesia did the masonry work. The mansion, imitating the castle of a medieval English knight, is partly of two storeys and partly of three. The asymmetric composition is emphasised by the main tower and powerful cornice. The banqueting hall with historical wooden panels and a coffered ceiling is preserved in its original form. The doors of the banqueting hall open onto a stone terrace at the rear. The mansion is surrounded by a neo-baroque park. A school was opened in the manor house in 1922 and there is still one there today.
Александр Клапин (6 months ago)
The building was built from "Vazalemsky marble", local dolomite. This dolomite appears to be quite hard. Unfortunately, the impression is spoiled by ugly seams between the stones. I was impressed by the alley of densely planted thujas.
Urmo Ustav (17 months ago)
I would like to see it inside too.
Neil Fleischhacker (17 months ago)
Vary beautiful
E A (3 years ago)
Amazing castle!
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week


The Church of St Eustace was built between 1532-1632. St Eustace"s is considered a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The church’s reputation was strong enough of the time for it to be chosen as the location for a young Louis XIV to receive communion. Mozart also chose the sanctuary as the location for his mother’s funeral. Among those baptised here as children were Richelieu, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, future Madame de Pompadour and Molière, who was also married here in the 17th century. The last rites for Anne of Austria, Turenne and Mirabeau were pronounced within its walls. Marie de Gournay is buried there.

The origins of Saint Eustache date back to 13th century. The church became a parish church in 1223, thanks to a man named Jean Alais who achieved this by taxing the baskets of fish sold nearby, as granted by King Philip Augustus. To thank such divine generosity, Alais constructed a chapel dedicated to Sainte-Agnès, a Roman martyr. The construction of the current church began in 1532, the work not being finally completed until 1637. The name of the church refers to Saint Eustace, a Roman general of the second century AD who was burned, along with his family, for converting to Christianity, and it is believed that it was the transfer of a relic of Saint Eustache from the Abbey to Saint-Denis to the Church of Saint Eustache which resulted in its naming. Jeanne Baptiste d"Albert de Luynes was baptised here.

According to tourist literature on-site, during the French Revolution the church, like most churches in Paris, was desecrated, looted, and used for a time as a barn. The church was restored after the Revolution had run its course and remains in use today. Several impressive paintings by Rubens remain in the church today. Each summer, organ concerts commemorate the premieres of Berlioz’s Te Deum and Liszt’s Christus here in 1886.

The church is an example of a Gothic structure clothed in Renaissance detail. The church is relatively short in length at 105m, but its interior is 33.45m high to the vaulting. At the main façade, the left tower has been completed in Renaissance style, while the right tower remains a stump. The front and rear aspects provide a remarkable contrast between the comparatively sober classical front and the exuberant rear, which integrates Gothic forms and organization with Classical details. The L"écoute sculpture by Henri de Miller appears outside the church, to the south. A Keith Haring sculpture stands in a chapel of the church.

The Chapel of the Virgin was built in 1640 and restored from 1801 to 1804. It was inaugurated by Pius VII on the 22nd of December, 1804 when he came to Paris for the coronation of Napoleon. The apse chapel, with a ribbed cul-de-four vault, has at its centre a sculpture of the Virgin and Child of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle that the painter Thomas Couture highlighted by three large paintings.

With 8,000 pipes, the organ is reputed to be the largest pipe organ in France, surpassing the organs of Saint Sulpice and Notre Dame de Paris. The organ originally constructed by P.-A. Ducroquet was powerful enough for the premiere of Hector Berlioz" titanic Te Deum to be performed at St-Eustache in 1855.