Liuksiala estate has been known since the 14th century. The first church building in Kangasala may had been located at Liuksiala. The 'King's manor' (Kungsgård) was established to Liuksiala in 1566. The most famous resident of Liuksiala was Kaarina Maununtytär (Karin Månsdotter), the former Queen of Sweden. After the power struggle between Eric XIV and his brother John III, Eric was defeated and prisoned. Queen Kaarina and her children were separated from her husband in 1573 to prevent the birth of any more legitimate offspring. She was treated with kindness and given the royal estate Liuksiala Manor, where she lived the rest of her life. Later Liuksiala has been owned by Kaarina's daughter Sigrid Vasa, Tott and Creutz noble families. Since 1821 it has been owned by Meurman family.
The current manor house foundation dates from the 1804 and the appearance from 1902. The stone cellar may be built already in the 16th century. The chapel, designed by Josef Stenbäck, was built in 1917-1932. Liuksiala is privately owned and not open to the public.References:
Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.
The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.