Liuksiala estate has been known since the 14th century. The first church building in Kangasala may had been located at Liuksiala. The 'King's manor' (Kungsgård) was established to Liuksiala in 1566. The most famous resident of Liuksiala was Kaarina Maununtytär (Karin Månsdotter), the former Queen of Sweden. After the power struggle between Eric XIV and his brother John III, Eric was defeated and prisoned. Queen Kaarina and her children were separated from her husband in 1573 to prevent the birth of any more legitimate offspring. She was treated with kindness and given the royal estate Liuksiala Manor, where she lived the rest of her life. Later Liuksiala has been owned by Kaarina's daughter Sigrid Vasa, Tott and Creutz noble families. Since 1821 it has been owned by Meurman family.
The current manor house foundation dates from the 1804 and the appearance from 1902. The stone cellar may be built already in the 16th century. The chapel, designed by Josef Stenbäck, was built in 1917-1932. Liuksiala is privately owned and not open to the public.References:
Sirmione castle was built near the end of the 12th century as part of a defensive network surrounding Verona. The castle was maintained and extended first as part of the Veronese protection against their rivals in Milan and later under the control of the Venetian inland empire. The massive fortress is totally surrounded by water and has an inner porch which houses a Roman and Medieval lapidary. From the drawbridge, a staircase leads to the walkways above the walls, providing a marvellous view of the harbour that once sheltered the Scaliger fleet. The doors were fitted with a variety of locking systems, including a drawbridge for horses, carriages and pedestrians, a metal grate and, more recently, double hinged doors. Venice conquered Sirmione in 1405, immediately adopting provisions to render the fortress even more secure, fortifying its outer walls and widening the harbour.
Thanks to its strategical geographical location as a border outpost, Sirmione became a crucial defence and control garrison for the ruling nobles, retaining this function until the 16th century, when its role was taken up by Peschiera del Garda.