In the 15th-16th century the settlement of Keila consisted some tens of buildings and a hundred people formed around the church. At the same time the Livonian Order built a small fort south-east of the church on Jõepark. During the Livonian War of 1558-1583 the settlement was destroyed.Further hampered by the plague and starvation in 1601-1602 the population declination reduced the community to a small church village. Ruins of the fort were first excavated in 1976 with continued finds up to 2007.
Claude Monet lived for forty-three years, from 1883 to 1926, in Giverny. With a passion for gardening as well as for colours, he conceived both his flower garden and water garden as true works of art. Walking through his house and gardens, visitors can still feel the atmosphere which reigned at the home of the Master of Impressionnism and marvel at the floral compositions and nymphéas, his greatest sources of inspiration.
In 1890 Monet had enough money to buy the house and land outright and set out to create the magnificent gardens he wanted to paint. Some of his most famous paintings were of his garden in Giverny, famous for its rectangular Clos normand, with archways of climbing plants entwined around colored shrubs, and the water garden, formed by a tributary to the Epte, with the Japanese bridge, the pond with the water lilies, the wisterias and the azaleas.
Today the Monet's Garden is open to the public.