Catherine Palace

Moscow, Russia

The Catherine Palace is a Neoclassical residence of Catherine II of Russia on the bank of the Yauza River. It should not be confused with the much more famous Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo.

The residence is also known as the Golovin Palace, after its first owner, Count Fyodor Golovin, the first Chancellor of the Russian Empire. After his death Empress Anna commissioned Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli to replace the Golovin Palace with a Baroque residence known as Annenhof. This was Anna's preferred residence. It consisted of two wooden two-storey buildings, the Summer Palace and the Winter Palace.

Annenhof was abandoned after a fire in 1746. Catherine II, who found both edifices rather old-fashioned and dilapidated, ordered their demolition in the 1760s. After 1773 Karl Blank, Giacomo Quarenghi and Francesco Camporesi were the architects employed to supervise the construction of a Neoclassical residence in Lefortovo. Emperor Paul, known for his dislike of his mother's palaces, converted the residence into barracks.

After Napoleon's occupation of Moscow in 1812 the Catherine Palace was restored under the supervision of Osip Bove. It has since been occupied by the Moscow Cadet Corps, Malinovsky Tank Academy and other military institutions and has generally been inaccessible to the public at large. In October 1917 the Moscow cadets mounted a fierce resistance against the Bolsheviks in Lefortovo. What little remained of the Annenhof Park was largely destroyed by the 1904 Moscow tornado.



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Founded: 1752
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Russia


4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Igor Ulogov (55 days ago)
Baroque building. There are not very many of them in Moscow. Decorates the city.
Simon Kulkov (2 years ago)
На русском читайте ниже ———————————————— Read before you go there ———————————————— Before you go there - ask your tour guide or call the palace to check how many rooms are opened. In the beginning of January 2019 we had a long ride to this place, and were really disappointed that only few rooms are open - it took us literally 30 minutes to walk through. They don’t allow you to walk anywhere you want like in Hermitage, you have to stay with the group and follow a guide. The staff is unhappy and rude, to a simple question “excuse me, is that room opened?” they unhappily answer - “go that way, it’s closed” and angrily pointing towards the guide. Возможно этот дворец красивый летом, и когда в нем открыты все комнаты. Мы не знали и приехали в дворец, оплатили 700 рублей и вся экскурсия заняла у нас примерно 30 минут. То есть вы поднимаетесь наверх, проходите несколько очень похожих комнат, вам говорят как они использовались и всё, вас спускают вниз показывать фотографии известных людей которые побывали в этом дворце, а дальше - магазин сувениров. Всё. Персонал довольно груб и выглядит недовольно. На вежливый вопрос «извините, а та комната открыта» злобно отвечают «нет, туда вон иди». О какой культурной столице может идти речь когда люди не уважают своих гостей? Да и в целом не приятно. Синдром вахтёра похоже. Мы были очень расстроены таким варварским отношением к делу. Могли бы предупредить что буквально пара комнат открыта. Или сделать скидку, или компенсировать как то ещё - например давать людям брошюру о других комнатах с фото и описанием. Судя по всему следующим шагом будет открытие комнаты из гипсокартона, в которую будет большая очередь, люди будут платить по 1000р на входе, делать фото пустых стен внутри и выходить.
Alireza ahm (2 years ago)
Very cool
Ali 1 (2 years ago)
Very cool
andrey aseev (3 years ago)
Very beautiful
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Construction was started in 1499 by the Danish knight Jens Holgersen Ulfstand and stone-cutter-mason and architect Adam van Düren, a North German master who also worked on Lund Cathedral. Construction was completed in 1506.

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An order from Charles XI to the administrators of the Swedish dominion of Scania in 1676 to demolish the castle, in order to ensure that it would not fall into the hands of the Danish king during the Scanian War, could not be executed. A first attempt, in which 20 Scanian farmers were ordered to assist, proved unsuccessful. An additional force of 130 men were sent to Glimmingehus to execute the order in a second attempt. However, before they could carry out the order, a Danish-Dutch naval division arrived in Ystad, and the Swedes had to abandon the demolition attempts. Throughout the 18th century the castle was used as deposit for agricultural produce and in 1924 it was donated to the Swedish state. Today it is administered by the Swedish National Heritage Board.

On site there is a museum, medieval kitchen, shop and restaurant and coffee house. During summer time there are several guided tours daily. In local folklore, the castle is described as haunted by multiple ghosts and the tradition of storytelling inspired by the castle is continued in the summer events at the castle called "Strange stories and terrifying tales".