Nothing remains of the preceding structure of Bobbin Church (mentioned in 1250, originally owned by the Bergen monastery). The present church is an imposing, fieldstone structure with shaped brick elements plastered so as to leave the underlying surface visible. Brick is used for the corners of the building, gables, buttresses, vaults, and all ornamentation. The nave, choir, and sacristy were built in about 1400. It has a rectangular nave with a flat wooden ceiling, and a retracted, rib-vaulted choir. The two square choir bays have been repeated in enlarged form in the nave. The interior is whitewashed and in 1955 was painted in simple form. Floors are of limestone tiles. The choir is a step higher than the nave. The windows were enlarged, probably in the Middle Ages. The “Likhus” on the south side of the choir was built in the 17th century, and was extended in the 17th century to provide access to the patron’s box. The west tower was built in about 1500 of brick with a sprinkling of fieldstone (the upper part still later). Steep pavilion roof with a weathervane from 1657.
Oldest furnishings and accessories: Gotland limestone font from about 1300 (presumably from the preceding church). Cuppa wall decorated with twelve blind ogee-arches. Worth noting: the iron-grilled aumbry inserted in the south wall of the sacristy (from about 1400), decorated with Gothic tempera painting and carving, beside the altar sacrament house with iron-studded wooden door under a canopy and quatrefoil. Other furnishings: pulpit from 1622 (late Renaissance), high altar with choir screen (1668) and patron's box, confessional from 1775 (workshop of Michael Müller, Stralsund), portraits, sepulchral slabs. The churchyard is worth a visit.References:
German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.
In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).
In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.
Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.