Grünwald Castle

Grünwald, Germany

Grünwald Castle is a medieval hill castle. The history goes probably back to a Roman watchtower on the Isar river. The high medieval castle of the 12th century was documented as a possession of the counts of Andechs. In 1293 it came into the possession of the Wittelsbach. Louis II, Duke of Bavaria acquired at that time the possession of the fortress from Ulrich Vellenberg, a ministeriales of the Counts of Andechs. The castle served then also as a residence for his consort Matilda of Habsburg. The present building dates mainly from the late 15th century, when the castle was renovated to celebrate the wedding of Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria with Kunigunde of Austria, a daughter of emperor Frederick III. The construction work was carried out 1486–87 under the direction of the foreman Jörg Weikertshausen. Louis X, Duke of Bavaria was born here in 1495. The castle was then used as a ducal hunting lodge, prison and powder magazine.

In 1872 the castle was sold into private hands. A project for a luxury condominium was prevented by a citizens' initiative which finally led to the purchase of the castle by the Free State of Bavaria in 1976. Since 1979 the Castle houses the Museum Grünwald, a branch of the Bavarian State Archaeological Collection. The castle can be visited, the main tower offers a worthwhile view.

Large parts of the castle were demolished in the 17th and 18th century because the Isar River had undermined the castle hill. At that time the late-Gothic residential quarters of the castle with their rich interior and the chapel of St. George were lost. The early modern state is still delivered on a fresco in the Antiquarium in the Munich Residenz.

Since the partial demolition the fortress is an irregular rectangle plant, which is protected by a kennel with a round tower and a deep moat and a gate tower with a renewed cycle of coat of arms. In the north-east corner stands a donjon, a high, square tower. In between lies the elongated three-storey east wing. The north west corner is dominated by the embattled so-called little tower. The adjoining west wing consists of three different levels. The deep fountain in the courtyard which is lined with tufa stone still goes back to the Middle Ages.



Your name


Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Hohenstaufen Dynasty (Germany)

More Information


4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Johannes Lenz (2 months ago)
We went with #Littlefeet to a bird of prey show at Grünwald Castle. It is a small and quite manageable castle situated above the Isar valley. But in addition to a fascinating exhibition on its history, which is well designed for children, it also has a temporary exhibition on the subject of wood. In addition, the bird of prey show, which was free of charge, was impressive for children and adults alike, as it is rare to see and observe large and small falcons or eagles up close. All in all, it was a great excursion and we would like to thank you very much for the bird of prey show and the great exhibition at Grünwald Castle, which we can only warmly recommend to all parents and their children.
Nani A (2 months ago)
The Grünwald Castle is home to the annual local village festival (aka Burgfest) as well as hosts concerts and other performances throughout the year. This former medieval hunting lodge is nestled on the far edge of the town near a bridge that crosses the Isar, making it convenient to visit by bicycle. Worth checking it out!
david antoun (4 months ago)
A small Castle in the green forest. you have a museum to see the life of medieval people and the castle history, you can climb easily the longest Tower to see a great view. visit duration around 1 hr. 1€/adult on sunday. easy to reach by Bus nr.25 and then a small walk. very educational and entertaining. next to it a resto-hotel to have a lunch after the visit.
Bridgette Wanjiru (16 months ago)
It's beautiful in deed. There is a cafe, a museum and a burg or a tower where you can go up to watch the beautiful view of the surrounding area. You can learn more about historical events about the Castles.
David Riedmiller (18 months ago)
Well worth it! Learn about the history of castles in medieval Bavaria (there are five thousand of them!) in about 30 minutes (museum isn't that big, but very interesting). Entry is €3,50 and includes access to the tower (kids are free). Stop by when you're in the area! ?
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Santa Maria in Trastevere

The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I. 

The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.

The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.