Montpellier Botanical Garden

Montpellier, France

The Jardin des plantes de Montpellier (4.5 hectares) is a historic botanical garden and arboretum maintained by the Montpellier University.

The garden was established in 1593 by letters patent from King Henri IV, under the leadership of Pierre Richer de Belleval, professor of botany and anatomy. It is France's oldest botanical garden, inspired by the Orto botanico di Padova (1545) and in turn serving as model for the Jardin des Plantes de Paris (1626).

The Montagne de Richer lies within the garden's oldest section, which also now contains a systematic garden. The garden was expanded twice in the 19th century. Its orangery was designed by Claude-Mathieu Delagardette (1762–1805) and completed in 1804, the arboretum was landscaped in 1810, and the English Garden, with pool and greenhouse, dates from 1859. The monumental Martins greenhouse opened in 1860.

Today the garden contains about 2,680 plant species, including 500 native to the Mediterranean region. Of these roughly 2,000 species are grown outdoors, and 1,000 under glass.

References:

    Comments

    Your name

    Website (optional)



    Details

    Founded: 1593
    Category:

    Rating

    4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

    User Reviews

    Rebecca E. (19 months ago)
    Gorgeous place to wander, sit in the sun, or enjoy a picnic (respectfully). A couple of cute cats slinking around the place which adds to the charm. A nice spot to take someone for a surprise. It's one of the lovely free things you can do in the city.
    Mackie McIntosh (21 months ago)
    I love this place! It is a must visit if you spend any appreciable amount of time in Montpellier. Even in winter the grounds are beautiful and well kept. There is a nice greenhouse in addition to numerous winding paths and bridges. I look forward to returning in the spring when everything is in full bloom.
    Bunghez Daniela (21 months ago)
    Amazing location, I was there in December and it was just beautiful. Unfortunately there are people who do not value nature and its preservation, so per example the bamboo forests were damaged (scratches on the sticks). I think places like this have to fine those who harm their plants.
    Amar Shah (2 years ago)
    Beautiful botanical garden attached to a medical school, well maintained with superb water features. Great please to capture your thoughts with the aromatic fragrances of the plant varieties. Multiple paths always leaving you with something new to explore.
    Powered by Google

    Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

    Historic Site of the week

    Derbent Fortress

    Derbent is the southernmost city in Russia, occupying the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the Eurasian steppes to the north and the Iranian Plateau to the south. Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. Due to its strategic location, over the course of history, the city changed ownership many times, particularly among the Persian, Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms.

    Derbent has archaeological structures over 5,000 years old. As a result of this geographic peculiarity, the city developed between two walls, stretching from the mountains to the sea. These fortifications were continuously employed for a millennium and a half, longer than any other extant fortress in the world.

    A traditionally and historically Iranian city, the first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BC. The site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BC. Until the 4th century AD, it was part of Caucasian Albania which was a satrap of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In the 5th century Derbent functioned as a border fortress and the seat of Sassanid Persians. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. In 654, Derbent was captured by the Arabs.

    The Sassanid fortress does not exist any more, as the famous Derbent fortress as it stands today was built from the 12th century onward. Derbent became a strong military outpost and harbour of the Sassanid empire. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus.

    The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century. Today the fortifications consist of two parallel defence walls and Naryn-Kala Citadel. The walls are 3.6km long, stretching from the sea up to the mountains. They were built from stone and had 73 defence towers. 9 out of the 14 original gates remain.

    In Naryn-Kala Citadel most of the old buildings, including a palace and a church, are now in ruins. It also holds baths and one of the oldest mosques in the former USSR.

    In 2003, UNESCO included the old part of Derbent with traditional buildings in the World Heritage List.