Built by Vauban in 1681 and fortified by Napoleon III, the Libéria fortress dominates the city with its ramparts, counterscarp galleries, bastions, chapel, archaeology and caving museum and a 734 steps underground staircase.



Your name

Website (optional)


Founded: 1681
Category: Castles and fortifications in France


4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Saskia Mehring (20 months ago)
Nice history, hot but interesting walk up.
Grahame Tiplady (2 years ago)
Amazing experience. Best to climb up around external path, then go down through the tunnels. You need to be fit but you can go up and down by their transport.
Theodoros Yiouras (2 years ago)
An exceptionally well reserved fort in the French part of the Pyrenees. It’s worthy visiting it, spending a morning there. A sense of antiquity and a historic felling will be accompanying you on every step, allowing your imagination gallop in a world of knights and princesses.
Matthew McCabe (2 years ago)
Fantastic. Well worth the climb up (via the track) and down again by the stairs. Well organised and fun trip for the family. We hiked up with three young kids (from 2-6).
RD Chilton (2 years ago)
Good fort for exploring and a helpful English guide to explain things. Not for those who don't have a head for heights or who like being underground. We got quite dusty also. But that aside with two little kids we walked all around it and took the roller coaster 4 x 4 trip back to the town!
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Bamberg Historic City Centre

Bamberg is located in Upper Franconia on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main. Its historic city center is a listed UNESCO world heritage site.

Bamberg is a good example of a central European town with a basically early medieval plan and many surviving ecclesiastical and secular buildings of the medieval period. When Henry II, Duke of Bavaria, became King of Germany in 1007 he made Bamberg the seat of a bishopric, intended to become a 'second Rome'. Of particular interest is the way in which the present town illustrates the link between agriculture (market gardens and vineyards) and the urban distribution centre.

From the 10th century onwards, Bamberg became an important link with the Slav peoples, especially those of Poland and Pomerania. During its period of greatest prosperity, from the 12th century onwards, the architecture of this town strongly influenced northern Germany and Hungary. In the late 18th century Bamberg was the centre of the Enlightenment in southern Germany, with eminent philosophers and writers such as Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and E.T.A. Hoffmann living there.

Bamberg extends over seven hills, each crowned by a beautiful church. This has led to Bamberg being called the 'Franconian Rome'.