Vänge Church

Vänge, Sweden

The Romanesque church tower is the oldest part of the church. It was built circa 1200. Originally it was attached to a Romanesque church, the nave and choir of which however was replaced with the presently visible Gothic parts at the end of the 13th century. The sacristy is the only non-medieval part of the church; it was built in 1866. The exterior of the church is decorated with Romanesque reliefs, re-used from the earlier church and incorporated into the Gothic structure. Inside, the choir retains traces of original church frescos.

Several of the church fittings are medieval. The baptismal font dates from the 12th century and was made by the sculptor Hegvald; it is considered one of the artist's finest pieces. The church also houses a triumphal cross from the same century. The altarpiece is also medieval but was altered in the 17th century. Most of the other fittings, such as the pews and the pulpit, date from later centuries.

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Address

535, Vänge, Sweden
See all sites in Vänge

Details

Founded: c. 1200
Category: Religious sites in Sweden
Historical period: Consolidation (Sweden)

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Piter Pan (8 months ago)
Kyrkan är uppförd av sten under medeltiden. Planen består av ett rektangulärt långhus, ett smalare rakt avslutat kor i öster, ett kyrktorn i väster samt en sakristia på norra sidan. Tornet uppfördes ursprungligen till en romansk kärnkyrka omkring 1200. Under 1200-talets senare hälft byggdes det befintliga långhuset och koret. Sakristian tillfogades 1866 efter ritningar av A.W. Lundberg. De tre kraftiga strävpelarna i norr och söder tillkom troligen före 1700-talet. Den äldre kyrkan var en så kallad "ikonisk kyrka" och bevarade reliefstenar, tillskrivna "Byzantios", återfinns inmurade i främst korets sydfasad. Grundmurar från denna kyrka påträffades vid en restaurering 1947-1950 utförd av arkitekt Erik Fant. Byggnadshistorien avspeglar sig tydligt i exteriören där det romanska tornet verkar oproportionerligt litet mot det gotiska långhuset. Tornet kröns av en åttkantig spira med klockvåning under skärmtak. Långhuset och det något lägre koret täcks av branta sadeltak. Kyrkan har fyra portaler, och södra långhusportalen har rikast utformning med bland annat reliefstenar från den tidigare kyrkan inmurade i vimpergen. Fönsteröppningarna har behållit sin ursprungliga långsmala form. Det enskeppiga långhuset täcks invändigt av två kryssvalv, delade genom en bred gördelbåge. En vid, spetsig triumfbåge leder till koret med sitt tregruppsfönster i öster. I väster leder en mindre muröppning till ringkammaren. Kor och ringkammare täcks av varsitt kryssvalv. Kalkmålningar från 1300-talet finns i koret. (Wikipedias text)
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The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps. It is designated as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened colour of its stone; the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The Porta Nigra was built in grey sandstone between 186 and 200 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storied towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. A narrow courtyard separated the two gate openings on either side. For unknown reasons, however, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. For example, the stones at the northern (outer) side of the gate were never abraded, and the protruding stones would have made it impossible to install movable gates. Nonetheless, the gate was used for several centuries until the end of the Roman era in Trier.

In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city. The Porta Nigra guarded the northern entry to the Roman city, while the Porta Alba (White Gate) was built in the east, the Porta Media (Middle Gate) in the south, and the Porta Inclyta (Famous Gate) in the west, next to the Roman bridge across the Moselle. The gates stood at the ends of the two main streets of the Roman Trier, one of which led north-south and the other east-west. Of these gates, only the Porta Nigra still exists today.

In the early Middle Ages the Roman city gates were no longer used for their original function and their stones were taken and reused for other buildings. Also iron and lead braces were broken out of the walls of the Porta Nigra for reuse. Traces of this destruction are still clearly visible on the north side of the gate.

After 1028, the Greek monk Simeon lived as a hermit in the ruins of the Porta Nigra. After his death (1035) and sanctification, the Simeonstift monastery was built next to the Porta Nigra to honor him. Saving it from further destruction, the Porta Nigra was transformed into a church: The inner court of the gate was roofed and intermediate ceilings were inserted. The two middle storeys of the former gate were converted into church naves: the upper storey being for the monks and the lower storey for the general public. The ground floor with the large gates was sealed, and a large outside staircase was constructed alongside the south side (the town side) of the gate, up to the lower storey of the church. A small staircase led further up to the upper storey. The church rooms were accessible through former windows of the western tower of the Porta Nigra that were enlarged to become entrance doors (still visible today). The top floor of the western tower was used as church tower, the eastern tower was leveled, and an apse added at its east side. An additional gate - the much smaller Simeon Gate - was built adjacent to the East side of the Porta Nigra and served as a city gate in medieval times.

In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved the church in the Porta Nigra and the monastery beside it, along with the vast majority of Trier"s numerous churches and monasteries. On his visit to Trier in 1804, Napoleon ordered that the Porta Nigra be converted back to its Roman form. Only the apse was kept; but the eastern tower was not rebuilt to its original height. Local legend has it that Napoleon originally wanted to completely tear down the church, but locals convinced him that the church had actually been a Gaulish festival hall before being turned into a church. Another version of the story is that they told him about its Roman origins, persuading him to convert the gate back to its original form.

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