Vänge Church

Vänge, Sweden

The Romanesque church tower is the oldest part of the church. It was built circa 1200. Originally it was attached to a Romanesque church, the nave and choir of which however was replaced with the presently visible Gothic parts at the end of the 13th century. The sacristy is the only non-medieval part of the church; it was built in 1866. The exterior of the church is decorated with Romanesque reliefs, re-used from the earlier church and incorporated into the Gothic structure. Inside, the choir retains traces of original church frescos.

Several of the church fittings are medieval. The baptismal font dates from the 12th century and was made by the sculptor Hegvald; it is considered one of the artist's finest pieces. The church also houses a triumphal cross from the same century. The altarpiece is also medieval but was altered in the 17th century. Most of the other fittings, such as the pews and the pulpit, date from later centuries.



Your name

Website (optional)


535, Vänge, Sweden
See all sites in Vänge


Founded: c. 1200
Category: Religious sites in Sweden
Historical period: Consolidation (Sweden)

More Information



5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Piter Pan (2 years ago)
Kyrkan är uppförd av sten under medeltiden. Planen består av ett rektangulärt långhus, ett smalare rakt avslutat kor i öster, ett kyrktorn i väster samt en sakristia på norra sidan. Tornet uppfördes ursprungligen till en romansk kärnkyrka omkring 1200. Under 1200-talets senare hälft byggdes det befintliga långhuset och koret. Sakristian tillfogades 1866 efter ritningar av A.W. Lundberg. De tre kraftiga strävpelarna i norr och söder tillkom troligen före 1700-talet. Den äldre kyrkan var en så kallad "ikonisk kyrka" och bevarade reliefstenar, tillskrivna "Byzantios", återfinns inmurade i främst korets sydfasad. Grundmurar från denna kyrka påträffades vid en restaurering 1947-1950 utförd av arkitekt Erik Fant. Byggnadshistorien avspeglar sig tydligt i exteriören där det romanska tornet verkar oproportionerligt litet mot det gotiska långhuset. Tornet kröns av en åttkantig spira med klockvåning under skärmtak. Långhuset och det något lägre koret täcks av branta sadeltak. Kyrkan har fyra portaler, och södra långhusportalen har rikast utformning med bland annat reliefstenar från den tidigare kyrkan inmurade i vimpergen. Fönsteröppningarna har behållit sin ursprungliga långsmala form. Det enskeppiga långhuset täcks invändigt av två kryssvalv, delade genom en bred gördelbåge. En vid, spetsig triumfbåge leder till koret med sitt tregruppsfönster i öster. I väster leder en mindre muröppning till ringkammaren. Kor och ringkammare täcks av varsitt kryssvalv. Kalkmålningar från 1300-talet finns i koret. (Wikipedias text)
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Derbent Fortress

Derbent is the southernmost city in Russia, occupying the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the Eurasian steppes to the north and the Iranian Plateau to the south. Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. Due to its strategic location, over the course of history, the city changed ownership many times, particularly among the Persian, Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms.

Derbent has archaeological structures over 5,000 years old. As a result of this geographic peculiarity, the city developed between two walls, stretching from the mountains to the sea. These fortifications were continuously employed for a millennium and a half, longer than any other extant fortress in the world.

A traditionally and historically Iranian city, the first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BC. The site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BC. Until the 4th century AD, it was part of Caucasian Albania which was a satrap of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In the 5th century Derbent functioned as a border fortress and the seat of Sassanid Persians. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. In 654, Derbent was captured by the Arabs.

The Sassanid fortress does not exist any more, as the famous Derbent fortress as it stands today was built from the 12th century onward. Derbent became a strong military outpost and harbour of the Sassanid empire. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus.

The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century. Today the fortifications consist of two parallel defence walls and Naryn-Kala Citadel. The walls are 3.6km long, stretching from the sea up to the mountains. They were built from stone and had 73 defence towers. 9 out of the 14 original gates remain.

In Naryn-Kala Citadel most of the old buildings, including a palace and a church, are now in ruins. It also holds baths and one of the oldest mosques in the former USSR.

In 2003, UNESCO included the old part of Derbent with traditional buildings in the World Heritage List.