Vänge Church

Vänge, Sweden

The Romanesque church tower is the oldest part of the church. It was built circa 1200. Originally it was attached to a Romanesque church, the nave and choir of which however was replaced with the presently visible Gothic parts at the end of the 13th century. The sacristy is the only non-medieval part of the church; it was built in 1866. The exterior of the church is decorated with Romanesque reliefs, re-used from the earlier church and incorporated into the Gothic structure. Inside, the choir retains traces of original church frescos.

Several of the church fittings are medieval. The baptismal font dates from the 12th century and was made by the sculptor Hegvald; it is considered one of the artist's finest pieces. The church also houses a triumphal cross from the same century. The altarpiece is also medieval but was altered in the 17th century. Most of the other fittings, such as the pews and the pulpit, date from later centuries.

References:

Comments

Your name



Address

535, Vänge, Sweden
See all sites in Vänge

Details

Founded: c. 1200
Category: Religious sites in Sweden
Historical period: Consolidation (Sweden)

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Piter Pan (3 years ago)
Kyrkan är uppförd av sten under medeltiden. Planen består av ett rektangulärt långhus, ett smalare rakt avslutat kor i öster, ett kyrktorn i väster samt en sakristia på norra sidan. Tornet uppfördes ursprungligen till en romansk kärnkyrka omkring 1200. Under 1200-talets senare hälft byggdes det befintliga långhuset och koret. Sakristian tillfogades 1866 efter ritningar av A.W. Lundberg. De tre kraftiga strävpelarna i norr och söder tillkom troligen före 1700-talet. Den äldre kyrkan var en så kallad "ikonisk kyrka" och bevarade reliefstenar, tillskrivna "Byzantios", återfinns inmurade i främst korets sydfasad. Grundmurar från denna kyrka påträffades vid en restaurering 1947-1950 utförd av arkitekt Erik Fant. Byggnadshistorien avspeglar sig tydligt i exteriören där det romanska tornet verkar oproportionerligt litet mot det gotiska långhuset. Tornet kröns av en åttkantig spira med klockvåning under skärmtak. Långhuset och det något lägre koret täcks av branta sadeltak. Kyrkan har fyra portaler, och södra långhusportalen har rikast utformning med bland annat reliefstenar från den tidigare kyrkan inmurade i vimpergen. Fönsteröppningarna har behållit sin ursprungliga långsmala form. Det enskeppiga långhuset täcks invändigt av två kryssvalv, delade genom en bred gördelbåge. En vid, spetsig triumfbåge leder till koret med sitt tregruppsfönster i öster. I väster leder en mindre muröppning till ringkammaren. Kor och ringkammare täcks av varsitt kryssvalv. Kalkmålningar från 1300-talet finns i koret. (Wikipedias text)
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba

The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba and the Mezquita is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture.

According to a traditional account, a small Visigoth church, the Catholic Basilica of Saint Vincent of Lérins, originally stood on the site. In 784 Abd al-Rahman I ordered construction of the Great Mosque, which was considerably expanded by later Muslim rulers. The mosque underwent numerous subsequent changes: Abd al-Rahman II ordered a new minaret, while in 961 Al-Hakam II enlarged the building and enriched the Mihrab. The last of such reforms was carried out by Almanzor in 987. It was connected to the Caliph"s palace by a raised walkway, mosques within the palaces being the tradition for previous Islamic rulers – as well as Christian Kings who built their palaces adjacent to churches. The Mezquita reached its current dimensions in 987 with the completion of the outer naves and courtyard.

In 1236, Córdoba was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile, and the centre of the mosque was converted into a Catholic cathedral. Alfonso X oversaw the construction of the Villaviciosa Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the mosque. The kings who followed added further Christian features, such as King Henry II rebuilding the chapel in the 14th century. The minaret of the mosque was also converted to the bell tower of the cathedral. It was adorned with Santiago de Compostela"s captured cathedral bells. Following a windstorm in 1589, the former minaret was further reinforced by encasing it within a new structure.

The most significant alteration was the building of a Renaissance cathedral nave in the middle of the expansive structure. The insertion was constructed by permission of Charles V, king of Castile and Aragon. Artisans and architects continued to add to the existing structure until the late 18th century.

Architecture

The building"s floor plan is seen to be parallel to some of the earliest mosques built from the very beginning of Islam. It had a rectangular prayer hall with aisles arranged perpendicular to the qibla, the direction towards which Muslims pray. The prayer hall was large and flat, with timber ceilings held up by arches of horseshoe-like appearance.

In planning the mosque, the architects incorporated a number of Roman columns with choice capitals. Some of the columns were already in the Gothic structure; others were sent from various regions of Iberia as presents from the governors of provinces. Ivory, jasper, porphyry, gold, silver, copper, and brass were used in the decorations. Marvellous mosaics and azulejos were designed. Later, the immense temple embodied all the styles of Morisco architecture into one composition.

The building is most notable for its arcaded hypostyle hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, granite and porphyry. These were made from pieces of the Roman temple that had occupied the site previously, as well as other Roman buildings, such as the Mérida amphitheatre. The double arches were an innovation, permitting higher ceilings than would otherwise be possible with relatively low columns. The double arches consist of a lower horseshoe arch and an upper semi-circular arch.