Visby Old Town

Visby, Sweden

The town of Visby in Sweden was in 1995 chosen by UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites. The town has a city wall that is 3.4 kilometers long which was built from the 12th-14th century. It was the trading center in The Baltic sea, and a lot of mainly Germans and also people from other countries moved to Visby to be a part of this modern and wealthy and rich town. Visby had two mayors during the Medieval Times, one Gotlandic and one German, independent of the country of Sweden. Even the country side was really rich with its 91 medieval churches that are still in use. 3 churches on the countryside desert churches. An example is is the church of Eskelhem that was commissioned and built by only 6 rich farmers. And many churches hired stonemasons from Germany and painters from Italy. It is worse with the churches in Visby. King Valdemar Atterdag of Denmark invaded Gotland 1361 and plundered especially Visby. And the Danes stayed here for nearly 300 years. But before it happened Lübeck had taken over the role as the trading center. Many of the big churches are ruins today, because the peole in the town couldn't maintain them during the 15th-18th centuries, but many of the churches' roof arches are still there. Tody they are used for concerts, weddings and other things. It's only the German Dome church St. Maria that remains. The town is called 'the city of roses and ruins'. And we have of course our city wall. Gotland became a part of Sweden in 1645.

A lot of tourists visit Gotland, especially Visby, during the summer period. And they are several times more than the population of Gotland. Tourists from other parts of Sweden use to say that it's like coming to another country. The pubs and restaurants are crowded. Visby has most restaurants and pubs per capita in Sweden.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 12th century to 14th century
Category: Historic city squares, old towns and villages in Sweden
Historical period: Viking Age (Sweden)

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

palanivel raja (8 months ago)
Excellent place inside wall you got botanical garden , outside you got the sea and nice place to walk , peace and calm
ALOK KUMAR (11 months ago)
Nice place to visit in visby
ilan lonai (13 months ago)
The walls are stunning. Just as you would draw them if you were asked to draw ancient walls when you were in third grade. Well worth a leisurely stroll around them, takes just over an hour.
F S (13 months ago)
Looks very interesting ??
Disco Dominique (13 months ago)
Ringmuren in Visby, Gotland. A beautiful island in the middle of the Baltic sea with a cute town dating back to middle ages. A favourite go to for people from Stockholm during summertime.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Broch of Gurness

The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village. Settlement here began sometime between 500 and 200 BC. At the centre of the settlement is a stone tower or broch, which once probably reached a height of around 10 metres. Its interior is divided into sections by upright slabs. The tower features two skins of drystone walls, with stone-floored galleries in between. These are accessed by steps. Stone ledges suggest that there was once an upper storey with a timber floor. The roof would have been thatched, surrounded by a wall walk linked by stairs to the ground floor. The broch features two hearths and a subterranean stone cistern with steps leading down into it. It is thought to have some religious significance, relating to an Iron Age cult of the underground.

The remains of the central tower are up to 3.6 metres high, and the stone walls are up to 4.1 metres thick. The tower was likely inhabited by the principal family or clan of the area but also served as a last resort for the village in case of an attack.

The broch continued to be inhabited while it began to collapse and the original structures were altered. The cistern was filled in and the interior was repartitioned. The ruin visible today reflects this secondary phase of the broch's use.

The site is surrounded by three ditches cut out of the rock with stone ramparts, encircling an area of around 45 metres diameter. The remains of numerous small stone dwellings with small yards and sheds can be found between the inner ditch and the tower. These were built after the tower, but were a part of the settlement's initial conception. A 'main street' connects the outer entrance to the broch. The settlement is the best-preserved of all broch villages.

Pieces of a Roman amphora dating to before 60 AD were found here, lending weight to the record that a 'King of Orkney' submitted to Emperor Claudius at Colchester in 43 AD.

At some point after 100 AD the broch was abandoned and the ditches filled in. It is thought that settlement at the broch continued into the 5th century AD, the period known as Pictish times. By that time the broch was not used anymore and some of its stones were reused to build smaller dwellings on top of the earlier buildings. Until about the 8th century, the site was just a single farmstead.

In the 9th century, a Norse woman was buried at the site in a stone-lined grave with two bronze brooches and a sickle and knife made from iron. Other finds suggest that Norse men were buried here too.