Damsgård Manor

Bergen, Norway

Damsgård Manor is a landmark manor and estate in Bergen, Norway. It is noted for its distinct rococo style and is possibly the best preserved wooden building from 18th-century Europe.

The area surrounding the manor was most likely populated during the Viking era or earlier, but literary evidence shows it was a population center in 1427, listed as church property. Following the Reformation in 1536, the estate was taken over by the crown and then sold to foreign interests.

The name is most likely derived from Dam Tønneson, who in 1654 inherited the farm from his father Tønnes Klausson, who in turn received it from Frederick II of Denmark due to his service during the Northern Seven Years' War. The oldest sections of the structure, however, are probably from around 1720, when Severin Seehusen (1664-1726) owned the estate. At the time, the buildings were painted bright red and green. An estimate for the main house from 1731 exists and indicates the general layout of the structure. By all accounts, the estate was a year-round farm and a recreational property.

Joachim Christian Geelmuyden Gyldenkrantz (1730-1795), later knighted Gyldenkrantz, took over the farm in 1769 and quickly began the Rococo construction that exists to this day. He also rebuilt the main house to face the maritime approach to Bergen. Shortly after Gyldenkrantz died, the property was sold to Herman Didrich Janson, one of the wealthiest men of his time. He only completed minor external changes but thoroughly renovated the interior of the houses. The Janson family maintained ownership of the estate until 1983, when it was taken over by Vestlandske kunstindustrimuseum, which embarked on a 10-year restoration effort. It was put on the protected list, and Bergen Museum took over the estate.

Architecture

Damsgård is one of the few buildings of the rococo architectural style in Norway, and is unusual as a rococo wooden structure in Europe. The facade of the main building exaggerates the dimensions of the house itself, and two windows are painted on to create symmetry. The building's interior layout has been restored to its original, early 18th century plan, and the interior to the different eras of Damsgård's history.

The estate has two gardens inside its walls and one outside. The eastern garden, located inside the walls, is known as the 'Master's garden', the western garden, also located inside the walls, is known as the 'Mistress's garden', while the garden outside the walls is known as the 'English garden'. After decades of detoriation, the gardens were restored to their 18th century state in 1998. Botanists from the University of Bergen helped decide which vegetables and flowers would be grown to make them as much like the original gardens as possible.

The eastern garden, also known as the Lord's garden, is strictly symmetric, with six squares of plants and pathways of white shingle. The western garden, known as the Lady's garden, is far less symmetric, with two ponds and a small statue of Neptune spouting water into one of the ponds. Both these gardens are surrounded by walls. This is not the case with the English garden. Laid out in the 18th century, it only became an English garden around 1830. This garden contains a small stream and a path, and is open all year.

The museum of Damsgård is open to the public by tour only.

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Address

Alléen 29, Bergen, Norway
See all sites in Bergen

Details

Founded: 1720
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Norway

Rating

4.2/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Phillip Elkins (11 months ago)
Beautiful gardens and setting.
Linda (13 months ago)
Opens Mid-May and is currently closed and under construction. It wasn't really worth the travel.
Paul Allen (2 years ago)
Nice mansion to visit with a very good tour guide to show us around
Maerianne Halland (4 years ago)
From the city Lars Hilles Gata i took a bus 17 bound to Gravdal and i stopped at Laksevåg kirke.Its a walking distance from the bus stop going to Damsgårds Manor currently there is no bus going up there due to the road maintenance. In my trip ,there's a museum nearby the church with a wonderful garden and surrounded with nicely painted wooden houses. And on top is where the Manor located. During weekend is closed so unfortunately I cannot go through the garden cause its not publicly open so I only peek on the backdoor ?its really beautiful garden they have. At the back of the manor there is a greenery park with a giant green tree good for relaxation ?. It was a bummer that it rain but I still got a nice photos out of it.
Katrine Korosova (5 years ago)
A jem of Laksevåg. Wish more tourist would be aware of this place and visit it. The guides are great and willing to tell you the history of this cozy place. Good transport connection, just 10 min with a buss from the down town.
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