Cles Castle

Cles, Italy

Isolated on a hummock surrounded by terraced orchards in the artificial basin of Santa Giustina, Cles Castle was built as a fortification to control the Roman road, which used to link the two banks of Stream Noce via a wooden bridge. The original ancient centre was composed of the 'Age-old Tower'. Prince-Bishop Bernardo Clesio had the castle expanded and given a Renaissance style look.

At the beginning of the 16th century the castle was attacked, during the so-called Peasant Rebellion, and in 1825 suffered a severe fire, yet it still boasts indoor some 16th century frescoes ascribed to Marcello Fogolino.

Now property of the Barons of Cles, the castle is closed to the public except for special summer events.

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Address

Via del Castello 4, Cles, Italy
See all sites in Cles

Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

More Information

www.visittrentino.info

Rating

3.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

sofia bubola (16 months ago)
Visto solo da fuori dato che la strutta é chiusa. Posizione ottima per la vista sia sul castello che sul lago.
Salvatore Rignanese (2 years ago)
Il Castel Cles è un castello sito in Val di Non vicino a Cles in Trentino-Alto Adige. 4 stelle perché non visitabile. Sulla cima di un promontorio, nel centro geografico della Val di Non, si trova il castello dei Signori di Cles. Il maniero si rispecchia oggi nelle acque del lago di Santa Giustina e in passato era posto sulla collina per sorvegliare il ponte in legno che collegava la borgata di Cles all'Alta Anaunia (ora inghiottito dalle acque del lago). La fortezza, sviluppatasi forse attorno ai resti di una torre di vedetta romana, era inizialmente appartenuta ad una consorteria di tipo comunitario, come fa intuire la presenza di più torri. Da questa cerchia emerse attorno all'anno mille la famiglia dei Signori di Castel Cles, il cui capostipite è Vitale de Clesio (documento del 1114) e il cui più illustre personaggio fu Bernardo Clesio, Cardinale e Principe Vescovo di Trento, Cancelliere Supremo nonché presidente del Gran Consiglio segreto del re Ferdinando I. Grande umanista, esponente della cultura rinascimentale italiana, fu promotore di opere di costruzioni di diversi caselli, palazzi e chiese essendosi circondato di architetti e pittori fra i più importanti dell'epoca. All'inizio del Cinquecento e durante la Guerra Rustica del 1525, il castello subì gravi danni che portarono alla decisione di ristrutturare il maniero rendendolo consono, per volere dello stesso Bernardo Clesio, ai canoni rinascimentali. I lavori terminarono nel 1535, come ricorda la lapide presente sul muro di cinta del cortile. Altri lavori di rinnovamento vennero attuati nel 1597, diversi anni dopo la morte del Cardinale (1539), dal nobile Aliprando. Quest'ultimo è ricordato nelle cronache per essere stato arrestato per un mese nelle stesse carceri del suo castello su ordine del re asburgico per impedire che con le sue futili spese portasse alla rovina il casato. Il castello aveva a quell'epoca tre torri; l'ala Nord ed una torre sono scomparse in un incendio doloso nel 1825. All'interno del palazzo baronale chiuso tra le torre dette "tor di qua" e "tor di la", è un gioiello rinascimentale la "Saletta delle Metamorfosi" affrescata dal pittore di corte Marcello Fogolino con scene tratte dalle Metamorfosi di Ovidio. Si diceva che ogni sabato a mezza notte vi si riunivano tutte le streghe della valle prima di andare sul monte Roen per compiere i loro malefici (si dice che anche in questo castello siano state decise varie condanne).
Emanuela Sina (2 years ago)
Bellissimo. Cortesi preparati e organizzati. Non potete non farci un salto. Un castello fascinoso. Da favola. Grazie Trentinooo
Matteo Bissoli (2 years ago)
Il castello da fuori è molto bello ed imponente! domina talmente la zona che girando il lago si Santa Giustina e dintorni più volte vi apparirà all'orizzonte. Unico neo che è visitabile solo con guida su prenotazione perché è una residenza privata
Maize Orcorn (3 years ago)
GREAT imposing Castle with lovely views Not opened to the public, BUT with the Baron now dead, perhaps next owner will have different outlook on the castle and let us view it.
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Cochem Castle

The original Cochem Castle, perched prominently on a hill above the Moselle River, served to collect tolls from passing ships. Modern research dates its origins to around 1100. Before its destruction by the French in 1689, the castle had a long and fascinating history. It changed hands numerous times and, like most castles, also changed its form over the centuries.

In 1151 King Konrad III ended a dispute over who should inherit Cochem Castle by laying siege to it and taking possession of it himself. That same year it became an official Imperial Castle (Reichsburg) subject to imperial authority. In 1282 it was Habsburg King Rudolf’s turn, when he conquered the Reichsburg Cochem and took it over. But just 12 years later, in 1294, the newest owner, King Adolf of Nassau pawned the castle, the town of Cochem and the surrounding region in order to finance his coronation. Adolf’s successor, Albrecht I, was unable to redeem the pledge and was forced to grant the castle to the archbishop in nearby Trier and the Electorate of Trier, which then administered the Reichsburg continuously, except for a brief interruption when Trier’s Archbishop Balduin of Luxembourg had to pawn the castle to a countess. But he got it back a year later.

The Electorate of Trier and its nobility became wealthy and powerful in large part due to the income from Cochem Castle and the rights to shipping tolls on the Moselle. Not until 1419 did the castle and its tolls come under the administration of civil bailiffs (Amtsmänner). While under the control of the bishops and electors in Trier from the 14th to the 16th century, the castle was expanded several times.

In 1688 the French invaded the Rhine and Moselle regions of the Palatinate, which included Cochem and its castle. French troops conquered the Reichsburg and then laid waste not only to the castle but also to Cochem and most of the other surrounding towns in a scorched-earth campaign. Between that time and the Congress of Vienna, the Palatinate and Cochem went back and forth between France and Prussia. In 1815 the western Palatinate and Cochem finally became part of Prussia once and for all.

Louis Jacques Ravené (1823-1879) did not live to see the completion of his renovated castle, but it was completed by his son Louis Auguste Ravené (1866-1944). Louis Auguste was only two years old when construction work at the old ruins above Cochem began in 1868, but most of the new castle took shape from 1874 to 1877, based on designs by Berlin architects. After the death of his father in 1879, Louis Auguste supervised the final stages of construction, mostly involving work on the castle’s interior. The castle was finally completed in 1890. Louis Auguste, like his father, a lover of art, filled the castle with an extensive art collection, most of which was lost during the Second World War.

In 1942, during the Nazi years, Ravené was forced to sell the family castle to the Prussian Ministry of Justice, which turned it into a law school run by the Nazi government. Following the end of the war, the castle became the property of the new state of Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate). In 1978 the city of Cochem bought the castle for 664,000 marks.