Bosses Castle stands next to the Parish Church of Saint-Léonard in Saint-Rhémy-en-Bosses. It is a solid monoblock building embellished by cross windows, with three storeys above ground. The fiefdom dates back to the twelfth century: it belonged to the homonymous family ‘de Bocha’, enfeoffed by the Lords of Quart.
After the tower was dismantled due to conflicts with the Count of Savoy at the beginning of the 13th century, historical records do not mention it until the 16th century. To that period can be ascribed the Castle’s present architecture. Until 1742 it belonged to the aristocratic family of Bosses.
Sold by the regional government in 1984, at the end of the nineteen nineties the Castle was the focus of a EU Interreg program, whose aim was to convert it into a transnational cultural centre dedicated to the ‘Pays du Grand-Saint-Bernard’ and the homonymous pass. The original aspect was restored, although the architectural interventions operated in the course of the centuries are still evident.The vast interiors, with modern outfittings, host exhibitions, conferences and cultural events related to the local history and art history.References:
Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.
The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.