Cathedral of Saint James

Jerusalem, Israel

Nestled within a walled compound in the ancient Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City, the Church of St James is one of the most ornately decorated places of worship in the Holy Land.

This ancient church, part of which dates to AD 420, is the cathedral of the Armenian Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem. Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as its state religion, in AD 301, and Armenian Christians established the first “quarter” in Jerusalem.

The Church of St James is dedicated to two martyred saints of that name — St James the Great, one of the first apostles to follow Jesus, and St James the Less, believed to be a close relative of Jesus, who became the first bishop of Jerusalem.

According to Armenian tradition, within the church are buried the head of St James the Great (the rest of his body is believed to be in the Spanish pilgrimage shrine of Santiago de Compostela) and the body of St James the Less.

Most of the cathedral dates from the 12th century, though it incorporates the remains of two chapels built in the 5th century. This is one of the few remaining Crusader-era churches in the Holy Land to have survived intact.

The interior, under a vaulted dome, offers a splendid spectacle of gilded altars, massive chandeliers, myriad lamps with ceramic eggs attached to them, paintings, carved wood, inlaid mother-of-pearl, bronze engravings, and blue and green wall tiles. The marble floor is usually covered with purple, green and red carpets.

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Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Religious sites in Israel

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Nelson Mwale (2 months ago)
Beautiful place of total meditation
Mr. BMH Palestine (3 months ago)
It’s impressive and old
Mônica Guia de Turismo Portugues (8 months ago)
A must during your visit in Jerusalem! A very important Ortodox Church
Mônica Israel (8 months ago)
A must during your visit in Jerusalem! A very important Ortodox Church
Paul Mei (18 months ago)
Great church to visit
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