The earliest sources of Gagi Castle dates from the 11th century. The Armenian historian Vardan (13th century) reported that it was built by King Gagic I (990-1020). The ruins of the castle however date from the older ages and probably Gagik I just rebuilt them.

The castle controlled the route leading to Tbilisi from the south. During the 15th century it also got known as Aghjakala, meaning 'White Castle', due to the color of its walls.


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Founded: 11th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Georgia


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User Reviews

tsotne mtvaradze (2 months ago)
Sabit Barsil (4 months ago)
Был на этой крепости. Впечатления супер!!!
Levan Gejadze (15 months ago)
Leo Var (15 months ago)
Bacho Zarra (2 years ago)
გაგი, აღჩაყალა, აღჯაყალა (თურქ. akçakale — თეთრი ციხე) — ციხესიმაგრე ქვემო ქართლში. მისი ნანგრევები შემორჩენილია მდინარე დებედის ქვემო წელის მარჯვენა ნაპირის ვაკეზე, სოფ. კუშჩის (მარნეულის მუნიციპალიტეტი) მახლობლად. წყაროებში პირველად იხსენიება XI საუკუნეში. სომეხი ისტორიკოსის — ვარდანის (XIII ს.) ცნობით ციხესიმაგრე აუგია ანისის მეფე გაგიკ I-ს (990-1020). ციხის ნანგრევები მოწმობს, რომ იგი გაცილებით უფრო ძველი ნაგებობაა და გაგიკ I-ს, როგორც ჩანს, მხოლოდ განუახლებია. ციხე მდებარეობდა სავაჭრო მაგისტრალზე. აგებული იყო ველზე ამართულ კლდოვან ბორცვზე, რომელიც საცხოვრებლად გამოყენებული ყოფილა ადრინდელი ბრინჯაოს ხანიდან. გაგის ციხე საქართველოს სახელმწიფოს ფორპოსტს წარმოადგენდა სამხრეთ-აღმოსავლეთში. გაგის მფლობელთაგან მოდის XII-XIII საუკუნეების ფეოდალური საგვარეულო გაგელები. XIV საუკუნის წყაროებში გაგის ციხე აღარ იხსენიება. XV საუკუნიდან კი გვხვდება უკვე აღჯაყალის სახელწოდებით. აღჯაყალა გვიანდელი შუა საუკუნეებში სომხითის მთავარი ციხესიმაგრე იყო. იდგა სტრატეგიულად მნიშვნელოვან მაგისტრალზე, რომელიც საქართველოს აკავშირებდა ახლო ახმოსავლეთთან, კერძოდ, ირანთან. აღჯაყალა სამხრეთიდან იცავდა თბილისის მისადგომებს. ირანელი მმართველები დაჟინებით ცდილობდნენ აღჯაყალის ხელში ჩაგდებას, დებედის ველზე მომთაბარეთა დასახლებას, აქ ქართულ ფეოდალური მეურნეობის აღმოფხვრას და ქართლის სამეფოს სამხრეთ მისადგომების მოშლას. ირანის შაჰების პოლიტიკა შეუპოვარ წინააღმდეგობას ხვდებოდა ქართველი მეფეების მხრივ, რომლებმაც, საბოლოოდ შეინარჩუნა აღჯაყალა. Gagi, also known as Aghjakala, is a historic fortress in Marneuli district, Kvemo Kartli, Georgia.
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Moszna Castle

The Moszna Castle is one of the best known monuments in the western part of Upper Silesia. The history of this building begins in the 17th century, although much older cellars were found in the gardens during excavations carried out at the beginning of the 20th century. Some of the investigators, including H. Barthel, claimed that those cellars could have been remnants of a presumed Templar castle, but their theory has never been proved. After World War II, further excavations discovered a medieval palisade.

The central part of the castle is an old baroque palace which was partially destroyed by fire on the night of April 2, 1896 and was reconstructed in the same year in its original form by Franz Hubert von Tiele-Winckler. The reconstruction works involved an extension of the residence. The eastern Neogothic-styled wing of the building was built by 1900, along with an adjacent orangery. In 1912-1914, the western wing was built in the Neo-Renaissance style. The architectural form of the castle contains a wide variety of styles, thus it can be generally defined as eclectic.

The height of the building, as well as its numerous turrets and spires, give the impression of verticalism. The whole castle has exactly ninety-nine turrets. Inside, it contains 365 rooms. The castle was twice visited by the German Emperor Wilhelm II. His participation in hunting during his stay at the castle was documented in a hand-written chronicle in 1911 as well as in the following year. The castle in Moszna was the residence of a Silesian family Tiele-Winckler who were industrial magnates, from 1866 until the spring of 1945 when they were forced to move to Germany and the castle was occupied by the Red Army. The period of the Soviet control caused significant damage to the castle's internal fittings in comparison to the minor damage caused by WWII.

After World War II the castle did not have a permanent owner and was the home of various institutions until 1972 when it became a convalescent home. Later it became a Public Health Care Centre for Therapies of Neuroses. Nowadays it can be visited by tourists since the health institution has moved to another building in the neighbourhood. The castle also has a chapel which is used as a concert hall. Since 1998 the castle housed a gallery in which works of various artists are presented at regular exhibitions.

Apart from the castle itself, the entire complex includes a park which has no precise boundaries and includes nearby fields, meadows and a forest. Only the main axis of the park can be characterised as geometrical. Starting from the gate, it leads along the oak and then horse-chestnut avenues, towards the castle. Further on, the park passes into an avenue of lime trees with symmetrical canals running along both sides of the path, lined with a few varieties of rhododendrons. The axis of the park terminates at the base of a former monument of Hubert von Tiele-Winckler. On the eastern side of the avenue there is a pond with an islet referred to by the owners as Easter Island. The islet is planted with needle-leaved shrubs and can be reached by a Chinese-styled bridge. The garden, as part of the whole park complex was restored slightly earlier than the castle itself. Preserved documents of 1868 state that the improvement in the garden's aesthetic quality was undertaken by Hubert von Tiele-Winckler.