Monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza

Hortigüela, Spain

San Pedro de Arlanza is a ruined Benedictine monastery located in the valley of the river Arlanza in Hortigüela, Burgos. Founded in 912, it has been called the 'cradle of Castile' (cuna de Castilla). It was abandoned in 1841 during the confiscations the government of Juan Álvarez Mendizábal, when ecclesiastical properties were roundly redistributed.

San Pedro's two purported founding documents, preserved in twelfth-century cartulary, were issued one by Count Fernán González and his wife, Sancha, and the other by Fernán's mother and brother, Muniadona Ramírez and Ramiro González, with Count Gonzalo Téllez and his wife, Flamula. Both documents suffer from certain inconsistencies and anachronisms that have cast doubts on their authenticity, especially that of Fernán González. It was probably forged to give the monastery a more illustrious lineage than it could prove to have. The copy of the charter of Gonzalo Téllez is more likely to be based on reality, since Gonzalo is known to have been active in 912. Fernán González and Sancha were buried at San Pedro, however, and remained there until the dispersal of the monastic community in 1841 necessitated the removal of their sarcophagi to the collegiate church of San Cosme y San Damián at Covarrubias.

The present ruins of the church are those of the building begun in 1080. It had three naves and three semicircular apses in the Romanesque style. Later modifications in the Gothic style transformed the outward appearance, but some of its eleventh-century capitals have been preserved. Among the ruins the three apses still stand, as do the tower (erected towards the close of the twelfth century), part of the cloisters and the chapter house, and the double-aperture and the tympanum above the main façade. The portal of the church was transferred to the National Archaeological Museum of Spain in Madrid in 1895. A large Romanesque tomb, said to belong to the legendary Mudarra González, was moved to the Cathedral of Burgos, and some frescoes have been transferred to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and others (like Paintings from Arlanza) to the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya in Barcelona.



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Hortigüela, Spain
See all sites in Hortigüela


Founded: 912 AD
Category: Religious sites in Spain

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User Reviews

Adela García Muñoz (8 months ago)
Lo hemos pillado en plenas obras y solo hemos podido verlo desde la carretera y en plena reconstrucción. Me hubiera gustado poder pasear por dentro. Espero poder volver cuando esté reformado y espero poder cambiar esta reseña diciendo que la reforma ha respetado el original.
Ruht maria Luna oliva (9 months ago)
Precioso buen aparcamiento una explanada n la misma carretera en una curva no lo pude visitar estaba n restauracion
Victor Bartolome (10 months ago)
Me alegro ver, que después de asistir a sus ruinas durante tantos años, se haya afrontado su reconstrucción. Muy significativo el trabajo que se ha acometido. Aunque sólo se pueda ver desde el exterior, por las obras, espero que, no tardando, se pueda ver más de cerca .
Juan garcía (11 months ago)
En cualquier sitio del mundo estaría restaurada y cuidada. Aquí la Junta y demás prefieren hacer una fundación para llevarse el dinero. Gran obra echadas perder. Cómo curiosidad aquí se rodó una escena del bueno,el feo y el malo.
Ignacio Calle León (12 months ago)
Actualmente (febrero 2019) está en obras y nones posible su entrada para visitarlo. Por lo que nos comento la persona que estaba de guardia allí estará así durante todo el 2019. Es impresionante ver los pilares que soportaría la bóveda del monasterio. Habrá que ir a verlo bien una vez estén finalizadas las obras.
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