Nesactium was an ancient fortified town and hill fort of the Histri tribe. In pre-Roman times, Nesactium, ruled by its legendary king Epulon, was the capital of the tribal population of the peninsula called Histri, who were also connected to the prehistoric Castellieri culture. Some theories state a later Celtic influence, but who they were and where they came from has never been discovered for certain. It is believed that their main economic activities were trade and piracy all over the ancient Mediterranean Sea.

In 177 BC, the town was conquered by the Romans and destroyed. Rebuilt upon the original Histrian pattern, it was a Roman town until 46–45 BC, when the Ancient Greek colony Polai was elevated to Pietas Iulia, today Pula. The town was located on the ancient road Via Flavia, which connected Trieste to Dalmatia. The area was abandoned by the Romans in the 6th century, following the Slav invasions.

At the end of the fourth century, the walls were renewed. Two churches were added, next to each other, between the bathhouse and the forum. The southern one, the largest, was probably dedicated to Mary and used for the daily ceremonies; the northern one was used for baptisms and religious ceremonies. There are traces of fire, which may have something to do with the Avar attacks on Histria in 600 and 611.

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Nezakcij, Ližnjan, Croatia
See all sites in Ližnjan

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Founded: 9th century BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Croatia

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4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Dean Valentić (16 months ago)
Vit Lativ (16 months ago)
Руины древнеримского города. Тихое, спокойное место. Если вы рядом, посетить стоит. Ехать издалека, если у вас нет специального интереса к этому месту, не вижу смысла.
igor košara (17 months ago)
Ostaci antičkog grada
Sabine Dietrich (18 months ago)
Sehr interessanter antiker Ort.
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