Ronda, Spain

Acinipo was a city about 20 kilometers from Ronda, believed to have been founded by retired soldiers from the Roman legions more than 2,000 years ago. The remaining ruins include a Roman theater still in use today.

Some historians assert that Acinipo was created after the battle of Munda (45 BC), fought between the armies of Julius Caesar and the army of Pompey's two sons, Gnaeus and Sextus. To Caesar, Munda was supposed to be a mop-up action after Pompey's main forces were defeated in Greece. But Munda was no mop-up exercise. Tens of thousands of Romans were killed on both sides; there was no decisive victory for Caesar's armies; and one of Pompey's sons, Sextus, fled to fight another day as a famous rebel pirate against Caesar's successor, Augustus.

Some Spanish historians state that Munda is the Roman name for Ronda, where the battle of Munda may have been fought. According to Pliny, the battle of Munda was fought in Osuna, about 50 km north of Ronda in the province of Seville. But there is general agreement that Acinipo was created for retired veterans of Caesar's legions, while Arunda (Ronda) would be a separate Roman outpost, perhaps created before the Munda conflict for the veterans of Pompey's legions.



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Acinipo, Ronda, Spain
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Founded: 45 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

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4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sree Ch (20 days ago)
The roman ruins are free to visit - no entrance ticket required. The views from the top near the amphitheater are spectacular. You get a 360 degree panoramic view of the valley. There is a unisex toilet which was clean.
Gary Montagner (31 days ago)
I loved it! It was a very hot day, but all worth the trek up to it. I couldn't believe > was walking into such an ancient site. Awesome 360 degrees views from the very top at back of the Amphitheatre. Definitely recommend it ????
Ronald Howes (49 days ago)
Loved these Roman ruins, especially the location. Certainly worth a visit
Una Carne (2 months ago)
A must visit if in the area you can understand why the Romans built a settlement here if only for the stunning 360degrees views from the top amazing ...a little overgrown when we visited but that just added to the charm the amphitheatre takes you back to a time you could not possibly imagine
Lorena Olay (3 months ago)
its free and at sunday it close at 14:45. The man that was working there is super noce. Its a chill walk, good parking lot. Good view behind the rock wall on the top of the teatro area. Check my photography at instagram @lorena.olay
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