Acinipo was a city about 20 kilometers from Ronda, believed to have been founded by retired soldiers from the Roman legions more than 2,000 years ago. The remaining ruins include a Roman theater still in use today.

Some historians assert that Acinipo was created after the battle of Munda (45 BC), fought between the armies of Julius Caesar and the army of Pompey's two sons, Gnaeus and Sextus. To Caesar, Munda was supposed to be a mop-up action after Pompey's main forces were defeated in Greece. But Munda was no mop-up exercise. Tens of thousands of Romans were killed on both sides; there was no decisive victory for Caesar's armies; and one of Pompey's sons, Sextus, fled to fight another day as a famous rebel pirate against Caesar's successor, Augustus.

Some Spanish historians state that Munda is the Roman name for Ronda, where the battle of Munda may have been fought. According to Pliny, the battle of Munda was fought in Osuna, about 50 km north of Ronda in the province of Seville. But there is general agreement that Acinipo was created for retired veterans of Caesar's legions, while Arunda (Ronda) would be a separate Roman outpost, perhaps created before the Munda conflict for the veterans of Pompey's legions.

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Acinipo, Ronda, Spain
See all sites in Ronda

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Founded: 45 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

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en.wikipedia.org

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User Reviews

Julian Dodson (5 months ago)
Unless you are seriously into archiology, your time is probably better spent in Ronda. Apart from the very dramatic theatre facade the rest of the site is just piles of rocks. But you can make use of the very nice toilet facilities while you're there.
Antonio Ballester (6 months ago)
Went there to kill some spare time. It turns out we enjoyed an amazing visit.
Tom Mclean (6 months ago)
Amazing place like walking in history
Eric Schmidt (15 months ago)
Otherworldly, remote, not crowded, taking your mind back to how the people lived thousands of years ago. Very good place to take your kids.
Ralph Darvill (3 years ago)
One of the best ancient ruins I've seen...wonderful situation and you can let your mind wander back through the ages to what it was like in Roman times.
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