Acinipo was a city about 20 kilometers from Ronda, believed to have been founded by retired soldiers from the Roman legions more than 2,000 years ago. The remaining ruins include a Roman theater still in use today.

Some historians assert that Acinipo was created after the battle of Munda (45 BC), fought between the armies of Julius Caesar and the army of Pompey's two sons, Gnaeus and Sextus. To Caesar, Munda was supposed to be a mop-up action after Pompey's main forces were defeated in Greece. But Munda was no mop-up exercise. Tens of thousands of Romans were killed on both sides; there was no decisive victory for Caesar's armies; and one of Pompey's sons, Sextus, fled to fight another day as a famous rebel pirate against Caesar's successor, Augustus.

Some Spanish historians state that Munda is the Roman name for Ronda, where the battle of Munda may have been fought. According to Pliny, the battle of Munda was fought in Osuna, about 50 km north of Ronda in the province of Seville. But there is general agreement that Acinipo was created for retired veterans of Caesar's legions, while Arunda (Ronda) would be a separate Roman outpost, perhaps created before the Munda conflict for the veterans of Pompey's legions.



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Acinipo, Ronda, Spain
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Founded: 45 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

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User Reviews

Ralph Darvill (2 years ago)
One of the best ancient ruins I've seen...wonderful situation and you can let your mind wander back through the ages to what it was like in Roman times.
Steffen Leidicke (2 years ago)
On a clear day you can see why this settlement was the main city back in his days for this area. Beautiful.
Ryan Meskill (2 years ago)
It's completely worth the visit if you're already on your way, but I wouldn't go out of your way to get here. Something of a dramatic, if slightly precarious, drive up the hill to get here, with impressive views and a pretty theatre facade, but otherwise it's just a series of piles of rocks which look raked by some benevolent giant. There's clearly a lot of history here, just not much of it left, but I've also been spoiled by Pompeii and others, so chalk it up to that and take my review with a grain of Roman salt. Entry is free and so is parking, but pay attention to the opening hours.
Aksheeya Suresh (2 years ago)
A long walk, but the view from the hill top is lovely. The ruins maybe worth it (depending on how much you like archaeology). But it is a nice half our pitstop on the way to Ronda.
Nikki Parker (2 years ago)
Loved it! Incredible that it's free. Lovely man to greet you and tell you where to go. Nice parking area. And a toilet is available too. Fantastic views from the top. It's only 5-10 minutes walk from the car park. If you're not able to walk, you can see the main wall in the distance, from the car park.
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