Fiholm was first mentioned in 1275 in the letter of the king Valdemar Birgersson. In 1404 Eric of Pomerania donated it to the Eskilstuna monastery hosted by powerful Order of Saint John. After After Reformation the monastery was demolished and in 1562 received the Privy Council Kristiernson Gabriel Oxenstierna Fiholm as a fiefdom of King Erik XIV.
When Axel Oxenstierna in 1617 inherited Fiholm, he planned to build a castle. He hired Nicodemus Tessin the Elder as an architect. Two magnificent wings in the Franco-Dutch Renaissance style was completed in 1642. The actual main building was designed in 1642 by the French architect Simon de la Vallée in the Dutch Renaissance style, but it was never built.
Today the castle is owned by Charlott and Goran Mörner. There is a café and gift shop in a barn from 1864.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.