Medieval churches in Netherlands

St. Christopher's Cathedral

In 1410 St.Christopher's church was moved to the market square, inside the new town wall. The church was badly damated during the Second World War. The tower was one day before the liberation blown up by the Germans and rebuilt after the war in modified form. On 13 April 1992 caused an earthquake in Roermond for significant damage. On top is a huge statue of St. Christopher watching over Roermond. Today the cathedral is ...
Founded: 1410 | Location: Roermond, Netherlands

Dronrijp Church

The reformed church of Dronrijp, originally named St. Salvius, is a one-aisled building with a polygonal choir. The original smaller Romanesque church was rebuilt in Gothic style in 1504. The northern wall of the nave still shows Romanesque details. The tower was built in 1544 and is in late-Gothic style. Unusual for this province is the presence of an octagonal upper part. In the 17th century portals in Classical style ...
Founded: 1504 | Location: Dronrijp, Netherlands

Easterlittens Church

The reformed church of Easterlittens was in catholic times known as St. Margaretha. The one-aisled nave was built in the 12th century, partly of tuff. The brick choir dates from the 13th century. In the 15th century the windows were enlarged and a sacristy was added to the north side. The south wall has a portal in manneristic style from 1655. The brick tower dates from 1854 and was designed by F. Stoett in a more or less ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Easterlittens, Netherlands

Augustinusga Church

The Protestant church of Augustinusga or Saint Augustine’s church was built in the 15th century. The tower is older, dating from the 13th century, was built out of brick. The building was once a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Augustine, becoming a Protestant church after the Protestant Reformation.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Augustinusga, Netherlands

St. Lambert's Church

St. Lambert"s Church name of the church refers to Lambert of Maastricht, the Bishop of Maastricht. In the 12th century there was a church in Rosmalen, which was made of wood. In 1300 the church was made of Tuff, a stone which was used very common in these years. The tower of the church has its shape since 1430. The nave of the church was rebuilt in 1550. After the Siege of "s-Hertogenbosch, the church was used ...
Founded: c. 1300 | Location: Rosmalen, Netherlands

Dorpskerk

The Dorpskerk of Ouddorp is completed in 1348 and situated in the towns centre. The tower is completed in 1508. Originally it was a Roman Catholic church. During the Reformation it became a Protestant church.
Founded: 1348 | Location: Ouddorp, Netherlands

St. Walburgis Church

The largest and oldest church of the Zutphen is the St. Walburgis (Saint Walpurga) church, which originally dates from the 11th century. The present Gothic building contains monuments of the former counts of Zutphen, a 14th-century candelabrum, an elaborate copper font (1527), and a monument to the Van Heeckeren family (1700). The chapter-house of library contains a pre-Reformation library which includes some valuable ma ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Zutphen, Netherlands

Jorwert Church

Saint Radboud’s church in Jorwert is an early 12th-century Romanesque church with a long round closed choir and a late 12th-century tower. The church is largely built of tuffstone. In 1951 the tower collapsed, soon after it, it was rebuilt. The monumental Pipe organ of the church was built in 1799 by Albertus van Gruisen.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Jorwert, Netherlands

Oudega Church

The Romanesque Saint Agnes church in Oudega was built in the early 12th century out of tuffstone and has a tower from c. 1250. In the 14th century the church was lengthened with a straight closed choir The monumental Pipe organ was built in 1875 by L. van Dam & Zn. from Leeuwarden and expanded by Bakker & Timmenga in 1922.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Oudega, Netherlands

St. Gertrude's Church

St. Gertrude"s Church is he smallest and newest medieval parish church dedicated to the saint Gertrudis van Nijvel. It was built between 1248-1259. The choir and transept were added a century later and the tower around 1400.
Founded: 1248-1259 | Location: Utrecht, Netherlands

Swichum Church

The nave of Saint Nicholas Church in Swichum was built in the 13th century and the semicircular choir dates from the late 13th century; both are built out of red brick. The tower was built in the 14th century and the furniture in the church dates from the 19th century.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Swichum, Netherlands

Jistrum Church

Jistrum church was built in the 13th century, the tower is a little older and dates from c. 1230. The church was once a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Peter but was stripped of the Saints statues and painted/decorated walls in one week in 1581 during the Protestant Reformation and became a Protestant church. It is a well preserved and complete 13th century Romanesque church built of red brick. The church has a ...
Founded: c. 1230 | Location: Jistrum, Netherlands

Martinuskerk

The first written reference to St. Martin"s church in Weert dates from 1056. The current building originates from 1456. The construction of tower was started in 1528, but was completed much more later. The church was restored and altered in 1906 by architect Pierre Cuypers.
Founded: 1456 | Location: Weert, Netherlands

Cunerakerk

During the Middle Ages Cunerakerk was an important pilgrimage site. The church has stored the relics of the Saint Cunera since the 8th century. The first church on site was dedicated to Petrus (before 11th century). In the 11th century the church was dedicated to Saint Cunera. A legend tells about her stay at the court of king Radboud in Rhenen. The church was built and enlarged in the 15th century. The tower was built fr ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Rhenen, Netherlands

Martinikerk

The Martinikerk tower is the 8th highest in the Netherlands at 94 metres. The church was built in the 15th century, but in 1547 it was struck by lightning, heavily damaging church and tower. The tower was again damaged by French troops in 1672. It was once more struck by lightning in 1717 and in 1783 became the first building in the Netherlands to be protected from lightning by a lightning rod. It was restored 1919&ndash ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Doesburg, Netherlands

Boazum Church

The Protestant church of Boazum or Saint Martin’s church is a late 12th century Romanesque church with inner walls of brick and outer walls of tuffstone with a 13th-century tower. It was built out of yellow and red brick. The choir is likely the oldest part of the building. The church was originally a Roman Catholic temple dedicated to Saint Martin, becoming a Protestant church after the Protestant Reformation.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Boazum, Netherlands

Kloosterkerk

The Kloosterkerk (or Cloister Church) was originally a monastery first built for the Dominicans in The Hague in 1397. A thriving new center of arts was established in The Hague by the Court of Albrecht of Bavaria (1336–1404) and his second wife Margaret of Cleves. Some known artistic products to have been produced in this period are an important illuminated manuscript, the Hours of Margaret of Cleves commissioned be ...
Founded: 1397 | Location: Hague, Netherlands

Exmorra Church

The church of Exmorra is a small one-aisled church from the 13th century. In ca. 1300 the nave was lengthened and a tower was added. Of this tower, which collapsed in 1836, only the lower part remains. That same year the wooden tower and the western facade were built. Until the church was restored in 1963-1966 it was covered with a thick coat of plaster, underneath which many traces of its original Romanesque condition ha ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Exmorra, Netherlands

Rolduc Abbey

Rolduc is the name of a medieval abbey in Kerkrade, which is now a Roman Catholic seminary and an affiliated conferencing center. In 1104, a young priest by the name of Ailbertus of Antoing founded an Augustinian abbey in the Land of Rode, near the river Wurm. The abbey was called Kloosterrade, which later became "s-Hertogenrade, after the ducal castle that was built across the Wurm. Ailbertus died in 1111 and his bo ...
Founded: 1104 | Location: Kerkrade, Netherlands

Aldtsjerk Church

The Protestant church of Aldtsjerk or Saint Paul’s church was built in the mid-12th century. It represents the Romanesque style with a triple closed choir built out of brick covered with tuffstone. The tower dates from the 13th century and is like the church build out of brick covered with tuffstone. The church was once a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Paul but became a Protestant church after the protesta ...
Founded: c. 1150 | Location: Aldtsjerk, Netherlands

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lund Cathedral

Lund Cathedral was consecrated in 1145, and contains many well-known artefacts and features of considerable historical interest. Since then service has been held here every day for almost 900 years. Today over 700 000 persons visit the church each year with some 85 000 who attends a service.

The first cathedral was built in Lund before 1085, but it is difficult to know if the present building was built in the same place. The Cathedral School was established in 1085, making it Denmark's oldest school. The building of the present Cathedral began in 1080s. Its first Archbishop, Ascer, consecrated the high altar in the Crypt in 1123; and his successor, Archbishop Eskil, then consecrated the main cathedral building in 1145.

During the 16th century the Cathedral was restored by the West-phalian stone mason, Adam van Düren, and his sculptured figures can be seen in several parts of the building. In the 19th century the Cathedral was again thoroughly renovated, first by C.G. Brunius, and then by Helgo Zettervall. Further restoration work was undertaken in the period 1954-63 by Eiler Graebe.

Among the Cathedral’s many attractions, there is the magnificent horological artistic masterpiece, Horologium mirabili Lundense, dating from 1424. This early time and dating machine is still in working order with it rotating mechanical figures marking the passage of time. The Crypt is yet guarded by the figure of Giant Finn. There are also three rare bronze pillars with mounted statues from around 1240. The finely carved oak choir stalls are from the middle of the 14th century; and the majestic altar dates from 1398. On the other hand, the fine Absidens mosaic by Joakim Skovgaard, is from the 1920´s.