Palaces, manors and town halls in Finland

Gumböle Manor

Gumböle Manor is today a residence of Espoo mayor. The current main building was built in the 1840s, but the history of Gumböle estate dates to the 16th century. The formal garden was built of J. W. Skogström in 1914.
Founded: 1840s | Location: Espoo, Finland

Söderkulla Manor

Söderkulla manor, a historically and architecturally notable estate, is situated in the scenic Sipoonjoki river valley between Helsinki and Porvoo. The royal estate was established in 1557 by Gustav Vasa, the King of Sweden, but Söderkulla was already mentioned in 1494. The manor was owned by Ekelöf family from 1563 to 1700, when it was acquired by Lorentz Creutz. The main building was completed in 1908 an ...
Founded: 1908 | Location: Sipoo, Finland

Villa Mairea

Villa Mairea is a villa and guest house built in 1938-1939 as the residence of patronages Harry and Maire Gullichsen. It was designed by their friend, the most famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto. The house is one of the most successful examples of the modernist style in architecture and one of Aalto's most widely known designs. The interior of the Villa mainly consists of modern art and Artek furniture, which form a ...
Founded: 1938-1939 | Location: Pori, Finland

Suitia Manor

The first record of Suitia (Svidja) is from the year 1420. First known owner was Björn Ragvaldsson, the judge in the Raasepori. After him Fleming family started to use Suitia as their secondary residence. The third owner, Erik Fleming was a remarkable Councilor of State of Sweden. He fought succesfully against Danish army and drove them away from Finland in 1523. After the war Erik Fleming lived in Suitia and extende ...
Founded: 1550 | Location: Siuntio, Finland

Kankainen Manor

Earliest record of the manor in Kankainen dates back to 1346, when there were at least two buildings in the village. First manor was built in the 15th century by Klaus Lydekesson Diekn, the commander of Turku castle. Next owners were the famous noble family Horn, who built the present stone manor castle in the mid-16th century.The third floor was removed during the renovation in 1762-1763 and rebuilt again in 1935. In the ...
Founded: ca. 1550 | Location: Masku, Finland

Riilahti Estate

The earliest record of the Riilahti village is from the 15th century and first manor was established about one hundred years later. From the year 1725 Riilahti has been owned by the noble family Aminoff. The present manor house was built in 1803-1806 by Pehr Granstedt. It’s surrounded by the large English style park.Sweden and Russia fought massive naval battle near Riilahti in 1714. Today there’s a monument o ...
Founded: 1803-1806 | Location: Raasepori, Finland

Malmgård Manor

Malmgård is one of the most magnificent manor houses in Finland. The history began in 1606 when Carl IX of Sweden donated 30 local farms to Estonian war widow Catharina Hess von Wichdorff. She later married Ernst (Larsson) Creutz from the near Suur-Sarvilahti manor house and Malmgård was merged to the property of Creutz family .The current main building was built between 1882-1885 by governor Carl Magnus Creut ...
Founded: 1882-1885 | Location: Pernaja, Finland

Jokioinen Manor

Jokioinen manor was established in 1562 when Erik XIV, the king of Sweden, donated the area as fiefdom to Klas Kristersson Horn. The heyday of Jokioinen manor was in the 18th century at the time of R.H. Jägerholm (he bought the manor in 1752), when the manor owned 32000 hectares land around the Jokioinen. After him several famous families have owned Jokioinen including Flemings, Jägerhorn af Spurilas, Reuterholms, von W ...
Founded: 1794 | Location: Jokioinen, Finland

Tervik Manor

Tervik manor was established in 1636 and the present empire style main building was built in 1736. Marshal de Geer made significant renovation to Tervik in 1810’s. It was remodeled in the Empire style during the reconstructions in the 1820s, and the appearance has been changed in 1924-1926 according to the design influenced by the architectural style of Classicism.The longest alley of oak trees in Finland leads to t ...
Founded: 1736 | Location: Pernaja, Finland

Pukkila Manor Museum

Pukkila Manor is named after the Bock family who governed the estate from 1540s until 1720s. The numerous owners of Pukkila Manor were high-ranking officials from Turku. The manor’s current main building was built by Justice Court of Appeal, Christoffer Johan Rappe (1719-1776) who later became the county governor of the Province of Turku and Pori.The main building of Pukkila Manor was built in 1762 and represents ro ...
Founded: 1762 | Location: Kaarina, Finland

Urajärvi Manor Museum

Urajärvi Manor belonged for almost two and a half centuries to the von Heideman family of Baltic-German origin. The estate came to the family in 1672, and the last owner of the von Heideman family, Lilly von Heideman, died in 1917. The last von Heidemans in the manor were the unmarried siblings Lilly (1849-1917) and Hugo (1851-1915) von Heideman. They bequeathed their home to be maintained as museum.The Empire style ...
Founded: 1840s | Location: Asikkala, Finland

Moisio Manor

The history of Moisio manor begins from the 17th century. It was originally part of the Wrede family manor. In 1605 Henrik Wrede had saved the life of Carl IX, the King of Sweden, in a battle by giving him a horse. Wrede himself was killed, but Carl IX donated a large land property to his family after the war. Wrede family owned Moisio 150 years.Moisio was acquired by the Forselles family in 1767 and Fredrik Juhan Ulrik a ...
Founded: 1820 | Location: Kouvola, Finland

Orisberg Mansion

The history of Orisberg mansion dates back to 1676, when the mayor of Vaasa, James Rossi, with his partners were licensed to establish and ironworks to Orisberg. There were 11 owners, until in 1783 a Stockholm merchant and shipowner, Bengt Björkman, acquired Orisberg and several other ironworks in Finland. Due the nobility family name later was changed to Björkenheim.Captain Lars Magnus and Lovisa Wilhelmiina Björkman ...
Founded: 1676 | Location: Storkyro, Finland

Järppilä Manor

Järppilä manor was first mentioned in the 1480s. Bertil Ivarsson Grön acquired Järppilä in 1567 and since him the chain of manor owners is uninterrupted. The manor has been owned by famous Horn and Fleming noble families. The original main building was a three-storey manor-castle built in the 1570s. It was destroyed in the was between Duke Charles and King of Sweden Sigismund (1597–1599). T ...
Founded: 1570s | Location: Taivassalo, Finland

Boe Manor

Boe manor dates from the 15th century and all owners are known since 1529. The oldest part of current main building were built around 1850. It was enlarged in 1870 and again in 1916. The grain magazine dates probably from the 18th century. Today Boe, also known as Högvalla, is a horse riding centre.
Founded: c. 1850 | Location: Porvoo, Finland

Liuksiala Manor

Liuksiala estate has been known since the 14th century. The first church building in Kangasala may had been located at Liuksiala. The 'King"s manor' (Kungsgård) was established to Liuksiala in 1566. The most famous resident of Liuksiala was Kaarina Maununtytär (Karin Månsdotter), the former Queen of Sweden. After the power struggle between Eric XIV and his brother John III, Eric was defeate ...
Founded: 1802 | Location: Kangasala, Finland

Sundholma Manor

The first known owner of Sundholma was Henrik Klauson Fleming, who moved the estate to the current site in the late 1400s. He built a fortified manor house which was surrounded by a moat (it is still visible in the park). The current main building was built in the 1770s and early 1800s. The stone basement remains probably from the original Fleming's castle manor.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Uusikaupunki, Finland

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Church of the Savior on Blood

The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood is one of the main sights of St. Petersburg. The church was built on the site where Tsar Alexander II was assassinated and was dedicated in his memory. Construction began in 1883 under Alexander III, as a memorial to his father, Alexander II. Work progressed slowly and was finally completed during the reign of Nicholas II in 1907. Funding was provided by the Imperial family with the support of many private donors.

Architecturally, the Cathedral differs from St. Petersburg's other structures. The city's architecture is predominantly Baroque and Neoclassical, but the Savior on Blood harks back to medieval Russian architecture in the spirit of romantic nationalism. It intentionally resembles the 17th-century Yaroslavl churches and the celebrated St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow.

The Church contains over 7500 square metres of mosaics — according to its restorers, more than any other church in the world. The interior was designed by some of the most celebrated Russian artists of the day — including Viktor Vasnetsov, Mikhail Nesterov and Mikhail Vrubel — but the church's chief architect, Alfred Alexandrovich Parland, was relatively little-known (born in St. Petersburg in 1842 in a Baltic-German Lutheran family). Perhaps not surprisingly, the Church's construction ran well over budget, having been estimated at 3.6 million roubles but ending up costing over 4.6 million. The walls and ceilings inside the Church are completely covered in intricately detailed mosaics — the main pictures being biblical scenes or figures — but with very fine patterned borders setting off each picture.

In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, the church was ransacked and looted, badly damaging its interior. The Soviet government closed the church in the early 1930s. During the Second World War when many people were starving due to the Siege of Leningrad by Nazi German military forces, the church was used as a temporary morgue for those who died in combat and from starvation and illness. The church suffered significant damage. After the war, it was used as a warehouse for vegetables, leading to the sardonic name of Saviour on Potatoes.

In July 1970, management of the Church passed to Saint Isaac's Cathedral (then used as a highly profitable museum) and proceeds from the Cathedral were funneled back into restoring the Church. It was reopened in August 1997, after 27 years of restoration, but has not been reconsecrated and does not function as a full-time place of worship; it is a Museum of Mosaics. Even before the Revolution it never functioned as a public place of worship; having been dedicated exclusively to the memory of the assassinated tsar, the only services were panikhidas (memorial services). The Church is now one of the main tourist attractions in St. Petersburg.