Religious sites in Spain

San Miguel de Eiré Monastery

One of the most interesting examples of the Romanesque of the Ribeira Sacra and of Galicia is, without a doubt, the Church of San Miguel, commonly known as O Mosteiro. It belonged to a former Benedictine monastery founded by Escladia Ordoñez in the 12th century, but it lost its independence in 1507, when the Catholic Monarchs ordered alterations in the Galician monasteries. Their incomes went to the Royal Hospital of Sa ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Pantón, Spain

Church of San Pedro de Nora

Saint Peter of Nora (Iglesia de San Pedro de Nora) is recorded for the first time in a donation document of Alfonso III of Asturias in 905. Given its similarities with the church of San Julián de los Prados and the church of Santa María de Bendones, it was probably built in the times of Alfonso II of Asturias. Declared National Monument in 1931, the church burnt in 1936 during the Spanish Civil War losing the roo ...
Founded: 9th century AD | Location: Les Regueres, Spain

Santa María Church

Santa María Church in Retortillo dates from the 13th century and the original structure is mainly survived.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Campoo de Enmedio, Spain

Church of San Salvador de Priesca

Holy Saviour of Priesca (Iglesia de San Salvador de Priesca) is a pre-romanesque church, located in Priesca, next to Villaviciosa. Only a few kilometres from the Church of San Salvador de Valdediós, it is amongst the latest examples of Asturian architecture. With Alfonso III dead and the kingdom of Asturias divided among his sons, Asturian pre-romanesque architecture entered its last stage. Consecrated on September 24, ...
Founded: 921 AD | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

San Jerónimo de Valparaíso Monastery

On the hills above the amazing Medina Azahara, nestling in the mountains of Córdoba and surrounded by native Mediterranean vegetation, stands this impressive 15th century monastery. It was originally Gothic in style, although different reforms in Renaissance and Baroque style have added a wealth of interesting details to the building. The owners, the Marquises of El Mérito, have done a great job over several generation ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Córdoba, Spain

San Isidoro del Campo Monastery

Located in Santiponce, the Monasterio de San Isidoro del Campo was founded somewhere near the Roman ruins of Itálica, by Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán and María Coronel Alonso in 1301, where according to tradition San Isidoro de Sevilla had been buried. His remains were discovered and moved to León in 1063. Since its foundation, the monastery has been under the spiritual and temporary administration of different reli ...
Founded: 1301 | Location: Santiponce, Spain

Monastery of Santa María de Meira

Monastery of Santa María de Meira was established probably in the 12th century. Today only the medieval church exists, it was consecrated in 1258.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Meira, Spain

Monastery of San Paio de Abeleda

The Monastery of San Paio de Abeleda is a medieval monastery built in the 12th century located 2 km from Abeleda village. Today found in a state of ruins, it was originally one of the most influential monastic centres in the province and was converted into an abbey surviving until the 19th century Ecclesiastical Confiscations of Mendizábal. It was acquired by the House of Alba in 1872. The church was built in the Roman ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Castro Caldelas, Spain

Church of Santa Maria de Arbas

Church of Santa Maria de Arbas is a good example of late León romanesque, built during the 12th and 13th centuries. It once belonged to the regular order of Saint Agustin. The church has three naves and four pillars supporting the round arches that separate the naves. It was officially founded in the 12th century by the Count Fruela, El Cid"s brother in law.It was ruled as a Colegiata (Collegiate Church) and a Hosp ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Villamanín, Spain

Church of Santa Eulalia de Ujo

Church of Santa Eulalia de Ujo was erected in the 12th century, but it was moved in 1922 to make way for a railroad. Elements of the original Romanesque church, including the main portal and parts of the apse were incorporated into the present church.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Mieres, Spain

San Miguel de Las Dueñas

Monastery of San Miguel de Las Dueñas founded in the 10th century and renovated in the late 12th century under the Cistercian rule. Its original name was San Miguel de Almázcara. A Romanesque portal gives way to the chapterhouse. The 17th century church houses a Baroque altarpiece and the renowned reliquary of the choir. There are two cloisters, the Claustro del Palacio (17th century) and a Neoclassical one.
Founded: 10th century | Location: San Miguel de las Dueñas, Spain

Monastery of St. Clare of Moguer

The Monastery of Santa Clara in Moguer is one of the most important examples of the mudejar architecture in occidental Andalusia. It was founded in 1337 by Sir Alonso Jofre Tenorio, an Admiral from Castile and his wife Lady Elvira Álvarez. It was a donation from Alfonso XI in 1333. It was for Franciscan- Clarisa Nuns. The monastery was built in a place next to the villa called “Santa Clara Country”, which was integr ...
Founded: 1337 | Location: Moguer, Spain

Santo Domingo de Guzman Convent

The town of Caleruega is the birthplace of Saint Dominic of Guzmán, one of Europe’s master evangelists. The monastery boasts an archive holding the records of various royal privileges, donations of the foundation, the ordination of several Masters of the Order and papal bulls, etc., dating back to the 13th century and whose excellent state of conservation is attributable to the painstaking care and attention provided b ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Caleruega, Spain

Monastery of Santa María de Villanueva de Oscos

Monasterio de Santa María de Villanueva de Oscos was founded in the 12th century as a Benedictine house. The monastic community was closed by the ecclesiastical confiscations of Mendizábal. The church has remained in use as a parish church. The cartulary preserves 616 parchments about the Middle Ages: 32 from the 12th century, 261 from the 13th century, 224 from the 14th century and 99 from the 15th century.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Villanueva de Oscos, Spain

Santa María Church

Santa María de Bareyo was originally founded in the ninth century, along with many similar institutions as part of the Asturian kingdom"s repopulation efforts. The Romanesque structure was likely built in the late twelfth century. Though there have been numerous later additions, greatly changing the edifice"s exterior appearance, the choir, transept, lantern tower, and baptismal font are original.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Bareyo, Spain

San Nicolás Church

San Nicolás church stands in the suburb of the same name outside the walls, a medieval quarter inhabited by Christians and dedicated to agriculture and sheep farming. It also had a large number of Mudejar residents. It was built in Caleno granite in the late-Romanesque style of Ávila between the second half of the 12th century and the beginning of the 13th. The upper end and porches remain from the original construction ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Ávila, Spain

Santa María de Celón Church

The Church of Santa María de Celón is a Romanesque-style, Roman Catholic parish church in the diocese of Celón in the municipality of Allande. It was built in the early 12th century and contains frescoes from the 16th century.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Allande, Spain

Nuestra Señora del Soto Monastery

Nuestra Señora del Soto convent was built in 1608 on old Gothic and Renaissance buildings. Its main virtue are the altarpieces kept in its interior, an collection of Baroque style works of which the main altarpiece from late 17th century representing a Gothic image of the patron of Toranzo, the Virgin of El Soto stands out. The fundamental features of this convent were made by architects such as Fray Lorenzo de Jorganes ...
Founded: 1608 | Location: Santiurde de Toranzo, Spain

Church of Nuestra Señora de la Purificación

The Church of Nuestra Señora de la Purificación of Gazólaz, located in the village of Gazólaz, municipality of Cizur, is a romanesque church built at the start of the 13th century. The church was built by the architects of the Order of San Juan. Historians claim that Pedro Ximénez who was the bishop of Pamplona from 1242 to 1266 ordered its construction.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Cizur, Spain

San Salvador de Lérez Monastery

The Monastery of San Salvador or San Benito de Lérez was founded in the 10th century by Benedictine monks. The present church is Neo-Classical with an 18th-century Baroque façade, where the image of St. Benedict can be seen in a niche. Adjoining the southern wall, one wing of the 16th-century cloister is still standing. Some of the blocks in this wall show tomb engravings and Roman inscriptions, dating from the original ...
Founded: 10th century AD | Location: Pontevedra, Spain

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Roman Walls of Lugo

Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.

Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.

The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.

Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.

Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.

The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.