Religious sites in Spain

San Francisco Monastery

The convent of San Francisco was built during the 15th century to 18th century in Renaissance and Baroque style. Today it contains the Municipal Historical Archives and Iberoamerican Library.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Moguer, Spain

San Andrés Church

Iglesia de San Andrés is a 12th-century, Romanesque-style, Roman Catholic church established in 1189.
Founded: 1189 | Location: Valdebárcena, Spain

San Martín de Escoto Church

San Martín de Escoto church apparently became linked to an adjacent Benedictine nunnery was once located on the church grounds. It was rebuilt in the 16th century.
Founded: 16th century | Location: Parres, Spain

San Pedro Church

San Pedro is a Romanesque-style church in the Mestas de Con neighborhood of Cangas de Onís. It was built in the 13th century and restored in 15th and 16th centuries. The frescoes date from the 18th century.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Cangas de Onís, Spain

Santo Domingo Monastery

Santo Domingo Monastery in Archidona was founded in 1531 by the count of Ureña. The Renaissance style building is today used as a school.
Founded: 1531 | Location: Archidona, Spain

San Andrés Church

San Andrés Church in Cotillo was built in Romanesque style in the 12th century. It has been enlarged later.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Anievas, Spain

Church of San Juan Apóstol y Evangelista

St. John Apostle and Evangelist (Iglesia de San Juan Apóstol y Evangelista) is a Roman Catholic Asturian pre-Romanesque church situated in Santianes de Pravia. The church contains a foundation stone in the form of a letter labyrinth ('Silo Princeps Fecit') that records the 8th-century founding of the church by King Silo of Asturias. The inscription Silo princeps fecit singularly combined in fifteen horizonta ...
Founded: 774-783 AD | Location: Pravia, Spain

Church of Santa María de Villanueva

The Church of Santa María de Villanueva is a Romanesque-style parish church in the diocese of Villanueva, in the municipality of Teverga. While elements including the sculpted capitals of the internal column-pilasters flanking the nave date to prior to the 12th-century, the church has undergone subsequent refurbishments.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Teverga, Spain

Convento de Santa Dorotea

The Convento de Santa Dorotea is an Augustinian nun"s convent in Burgos. It is a Gothic construction, and dates back to 1387, when Dorotea Rodriguez Valderrama, along with other devout women formed a nun"s community at the old church of Santa Maria la Blanca. The community adopted the rule of St. Augustine in 1429 with the support of Bishop Pablo de Santamaría. In 1457 they moved to the church of San Andrés, u ...
Founded: 1387 | Location: Burgos, Spain

Monastery of Santa María de Aciveiro

Monastery of Santa María de Aciveiro is a gem of Romanesque architecture, built in 1135 under the patronage of Galician King Alfonso VII and incorporated into the Cistercian Order around 1170. It was carefully restored with full respect to the original structure. Following the Cistercian layout, all rooms are organised around a cloister combining impeccable history, warmth and functionality: kitchen, refectory, scriptori ...
Founded: 1135 | Location: Forcarei, Spain

Santa María de Sandoval Monastery

Santa María de Sandoval Monastery was built on land donated in 1142 by Alfonso VII to Count Pedro Ponce de Minerva and his wife Estefanía Ramírez. After receiving numerous donations and possessing extensive territories, it entered decadence in the fifteenth century. In 1592 and 1615 it was grass of the flames, reason for which it had to be rebuilt. The permanence of the monks remained until 1835, date in which the exc ...
Founded: 1142 | Location: Mansilla Mayor, Spain

Sanctuary of Our Lady of Oro

The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Oro is a place of worship in the Zuia Valley of northern Spain. It is about 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) from Murgia, in the center of the valley.  The first known document mentioning it dates to 1138. Local archeologists conducted four excavations from 1964 to 1967, and found evidence of human habitation in three eras. The oldest dates to the late Bronze Age (850-700 BC). A later community inhab ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Murgia, Spain

San Antolín de Toques Church

According several professionals San Antolín de Toques is one of the oldest churches in Galicia, built probably in the 10th century. The first document of church dates from 1067. The restored interior has frescoes from the 16th century.
Founded: 10th century AD | Location: Toques, Spain

Santa Catalina Monastery

Santa Catalina Monastery construction started in in 1393, in a Romanesque style when Gothic standards were already taking hold. With Mendizábal"s disestablishment (1837) the Franciscans were obliged to abandon the monastery, and the building"s ownership and management passed to the army until the year 2000. The monastery has two cloisters, the best conserved of which is in Renaissance style. The church was mod ...
Founded: 1393 | Location: Ares, Spain

Monastery of Santa María de Toloño

Santa María de Toloño is a ruined Spanish monastery located in the Sierra de Toloño near Labastida. Constructed by the Hieronymites, the monastery was destroyed in the First Carlist War and only a few walls remain. The sanctuary is located in a meadow at 1,201 metres above sea level. It was built by the Hieronymites between the 14th and 15th centuries, and abandoned in 1422 due to harsh weather. Later, it was affiliat ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Labastida, Spain

San Andrés Church

San Andrés is a church in the parish of Bedriñana. It dates to the 9th century and was declared a national monument in 1931. The nave was built in the tenth century. Four of the original windows above the nave survive. Significant additional expansion occurred in the 12th-13th centuries and again in the 16th. In 1916, additional improvements were made to the building for use as a school.
Founded: 9th century AD | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Santa María de la Caridad Monastery

The monastery of Santa María de la Caridad was founded by the Navarrese monarch García Ramírez, who asked the nuns of the French monastery of Favars to come to Navarra. They came to Tudela in 1147 to build the first female Cistercian monastery in Spain, but the bustling life of the river capital was not compatible with their spiritual way of life so soon, in 1157, they fled to the quiet and fertile lands of Tulebras.  ...
Founded: 1147 | Location: Tulebras, Spain

Santa Inés del Valle Monastery

Real Monasterio de Santa Inés del Valle (Royal Monastery of Saint Agnes of the Valley) is located in Écija. The convent is served by Poor Clares. Founded in the late 15th century, its church is designed in Baroque style and dates to the early 17th century.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Écija, Spain

San Salvador de Coruxo Church

The Coruxo Church is an impeccable example of religious architecture in Vigo with beautiful skylights. Alongside the churches in Bembrive and Castrelos, the Romanesque temple in Coruxo is one of the best preserved in Vigo. The church of San Salvador was built in the 12th century; it belonged to the Benedictines until the 14th century and later became the parish church. Many of its Romanesque art ornaments have b ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Vigo, Spain

St. Eulalia Church

The church of St. Eulalia in Beiro is a benchmark and example of Galician rural Romanesque, as it retains much of its original appearance. Given the similarity with the gate of the Claustra Nova, it can be dated at the early 13th century. The main gate (with a doorway added centuries later) has two semicircular archivolts with vegetal decoration with a clear Matean influence, as well as the capitals. The original tympanu ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Beiro, Spain

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Roman Walls of Lugo

Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.

Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.

The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.

Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.

Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.

The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.