Religious sites in Spain

San Julian de los Prados Church

San Julián de los Prados, also known as Santullano, is a Pre-Ramirense church from the beginning of the 9th century in Oviedo, the capital city of the Principality of Asturias, Spain. It is one of the greatest works of Asturian art and was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1998. The church's construction was ordered by Alfonso II of Asturias and it was built by the court architect Tioda c. 830. It is dedica ...
Founded: c. 830 AD | Location: Oviedo, Spain

San Nicolás de la Villa Church

San Nicolás de la Villa is one of the twelve Fernandine churches built in the city after its conquest by King Ferdinand III of Castile (1236), in Gothic-Mudéjar style, although it was completed only in the following centuries, with much renovation added in the meantime. The main portal, in Renaissance style, was added by Hernán Ruiz the Younger in the 16th century. The octagonal tower, with a defensive appearanc ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Córdoba, Spain

Church of San Salvador de Valdediós

The church of the Holy Savior of Valdediós (Iglesia de San Salvador de Valdediós) stands in the Boides valley (Villaviciosa), the place where Alfonso III of Asturias was detained when he was dispossessed by his sons, and where there used to be an old convent governed by the Benedictine Order, substituted in the 13th century by the Cistercians. The church known as the 'Bishops" Chapel' was consecrated ...
Founded: 893 AD | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

San Miguel de Lillo Church

St. Michael of Lillo is a Roman Catholic church built on the Naranco mount, near the Church of Santa María del Naranco. It was completed in 842 and it was consecrated by Ramiro I of Asturias and his wife Paterna in the year 848. It was originally dedicated to St. Mary until this worship passed to the nearby palace in the 12th century, leaving this church dedicated to Saint Michael. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Sit ...
Founded: 842 AD | Location: Oviedo, Spain

Santa María de Valdediós Monastery

Monasterio de Santa María de Valdediós is a 13th-century Catholic monastery near Villaviciosa. The Cistercian monastery was founded by Alfonso IX and dedicated to the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It was built by master builder Gualterio between 1218 and 1226, according to an inscription on the northern portal. Throughout its history, the monastery has had different uses, housing a secondary school and a sem ...
Founded: 1200-1226 | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Basilica of Vera Cruz

The Basilica of Vera Cruz consists of two clearly differentiated parts: the walls and the sanctuary. Despite its Islamic origins, the monument has undergone many changes. Nowadays, 14 different shaped-and-sized fortified towers are spread along the wall. The fortress belonged first to the Order of the Temple, and later to the Order of Santiago, a Spanish Christian military order. Moreover, the castle was used for military ...
Founded: 1617 | Location: Caravaca de la Cruz, Spain

Miraflores Charterhouse

Miraflores Charterhouse is an Isabelline style Carthusian monastery built on a hill (known as Miraflores) about three kilometers of the center of Burgos. Its origin dates back to 1442, when king John II of Castile donated a hunting lodge located outside city of Burgos, which had been erected by his father Henry III of Castile 'the Mourner' in 1401, to the Order of the Carthusians for its conversion int ...
Founded: 1442 | Location: Burgos, Spain

Santa María Magdalena de Zamora

Built in the 12th century, Santa María Magdalena is a small Romanesque church of the Templars. At their suppression, it was given to the Venerable Order of Saint John. The exterior features a deeply recessed south entrance, with circular arches and shafts, as well as ornate Romnnesque work. The rose window, formed with small columns, is similar to the Temple Church in London. The interior includes canopied tombs dat ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Zamora, Spain

Santa María la Real Church

Santa María la Real Church is one of the most representative works of the Navarre Romanesque. It is built on the site of a Romanesque temple with three bodies from which the apses are preserved. Another Cistercian-style church was added later. The most outstanding part is the main front, with great iconographic wealth, especially the statues-columns, and there are scenes from the Old and New Testaments in the reliefs. Th ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Sangüesa, Spain

Sobrado Abbey

Sobrado Abbey was founded in 952 by Count Hermenegildo Alóitez and his wife Paterna. In 958, the founders transferred the county of Présaras to the monastery and, in that same year, Hermenegildo retired there where he lived as a monk the rest of his life and where he was buried. The abbey was inherited by his descendants and nearly two centuries later, in January 1142, the brothers Fernando and Bermudo Pérez, two of th ...
Founded: 952 AD | Location: Sobrado, Spain

Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida

The Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida is a Neoclassical chapel, best known for its ceiling and dome frescoes by Francisco Goya. It is also his former burial place. The chapel was built in the general location of two prior chapels built in the 1730s, which were on the land of a farm called La Florida. The present structure was built by Felipe Fontana from 1792 to 1798 on the orders of King Carlos IV, who ...
Founded: 1792-1798 | Location: Madrid, Spain

San Pedro and San Ildefonso Church

San Pedro and San Ildefonso Church was built in the 11th century by the King Ferdinand I of León. In the 12th and during the 13th centuries it was extended. From the 15th century it underwent a series of modifications and today there are little remains of the original Romanesque church.
Founded: 11th century | Location: Zamora, Spain

Church of St Mary Magdalene

Santa María Magdalena (St Mary Magdalene) was erected in the second half of the 12th century, perhaps on the site of a Mozarabic church. The sculpted portal is elaborately decorated with biblical scenes and those of daily life. The bell-tower is also Romanesque with a series of rounded arches. The interior has a 16th-century gilded retablo dedicated to Mary Magdalen. The chapels were built during the 16th and 17th centur ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Tudela, Spain

Santo Tomás de Canterbury Church

Santo Tomás de Canterbury Church was built first time probably in the 12th century.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Avilés, Spain

Sanctuary of Loyola

The Sanctuary of Loyola consists of a series of edifices built in Churrigueresque Baroque style around the birthplace of St. Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Society of Jesus. Ignatius of Loyola, whose real name was Iñigo López de Loyola, was the son of the Lord of Loyola, Beltrán Ibáñez de Oñaz and Marina Sánchez de Licona, member of an important Biscayan family. He was born in 1491 in his family house in ...
Founded: 1889 | Location: Azpeitia, Spain

Basilica de Sant Francesc

Basilica de Sant Francesc origins from the 13th-century and was remodelled after it was struck by lightning in the 17th century. It is typically Mallorcan - a massive, forbidding sandstone wall with a delicately carved postal and a rose window at the centre. You enter through lovely & peaceful Gothic cloisters with orange and lemon trees and a well at the centre. Inside the church is the tomb of Ramon Llull (1235-13 ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Palma, Spain

Santa María de Ujué Church

The 12th century fortified church of Santa María de Ujué stands on the highest point of the town. It is a fine example of Romanesque architecture, with Gothic additions.  The church originates back to the 9th century when Iñigo Arista ordered a temple to be built next to the fortress that this king ordered to be built. This first pre-Romanesque church was demolished to erect a new Romanesque building in the 12th cent ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Ujué, Spain

San Esteban Monastery

The monastery of Santo Estevo de Ribas de Sil is one of the most prominent and spectacular of the rich monumental heritage of Galicia. It was built between the 12th and 18th centuries. According to most ancient tradition, Santo Estevo was founded in the 6th century by Saint Martín Dumiense. With the privilege of Ordoño II, issued on 12th October of the year 921, the documented history about this monastery begins. The K ...
Founded: 921 AD | Location: Nogueira de Ramuín, Spain

Sacromonte Monastery

The Abbey of El Sacromonte was founded in the 17th century. Under the church there are the catacombs where St. Cecilio, the first bishop and actual Patron of Granada, suffered martyrdom. The monument was designed by Juan de Maeda and finished in 1567. The front façade, by Pedro de Orea, is a magnificent example of the Renaissance period in Andalusia at the end of the 16th century.
Founded: 16th century | Location: Granada, Spain

Santo Domingo Church

The Romanesque Santo Domingo Church was built in the late 12th century above a pre-existing church dedicated to San Tomé, although it was partially renovated in the following centuries, including the century transept and choir area, added in the 16th century when a Dominican convent was founded annexed to the church. It has a façade with two orders of arcades at the sides of the portal, which is surmounted by a ros ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Soria, Spain

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Seaplane Harbour Museum

The Seaplane Harbour is the newest and one of the most exciting museums in Tallinn. It tells stories about the Estonian maritime and military history. The museum’s display, that comprises of more than a couple of hundred large exhibits, revitalizes the colourful history of Estonia.

British built submarine Lembit weighing 600 tones is the centrepiece of the new museum. Built in 1936 for the Estonian navy, Lembit served in the World War II under the Soviet flag. It remained in service for 75 years being the oldest submarine in the World still in use until it was hauled ashore in 2011. Despite its long history, Lembit is still in an excellent condition offering a glimpse of the 1930s art of technology.

Another exciting attraction is a full-scale replica of Short Type 184, a British pre-World War II seaplane, which was also used by the Estonian armed forces. Short Type 184 has earned its place in military history by being the first aircraft ever to attack an enemy’s ship with an air-launched torpedo. Since none of the original seaplanes have survived, the replica in Seaplane Harbour is the only full-size representation of the aircraft in the whole World.

Simulators mimicking a flight above Tallinn, around-the-world journey in the yellow submarine, navigating on the Tallinn bay make this museum heaven for kids or adventurous adults.

Seaplane Harbour operates in architecturally unique hangars built almost a century ago, in 1916 and 1917, as a part of Peter the Great sea fortress. These hangars are the World’s first reinforced concrete shell structures of such a great size. Charles Lindbergh, the man who performed the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, landed here in 1930s.

On the outdoor area visitors can tour a collection of historic ships, including the Suur Tõll, Europe's largest steam-powered icebreaker.