Walking along the Falcomatà waterfront, at Piazza Camagna, you will come across Reggio's largest stretch of Hellenistic walls, enclosed by wrought-iron gate. Although they are defined as 'Greek' walls, they are in reality the product of the city wall circuit that over time has been restored countless times, especially after the violent earthquake of 1783.
Built from burned bricks, of which almost no traces remain, the walls were built on foundations of local soft stone. The walls were constructed using a double curtain technique; spaces were filled with earth and crushed stone. The walls were actually built using isodomic blocks of local sandstone, arranged in two parallel lines with perpendicular stretches.
The preserved section is of extraordinary interest because it features the point where the western walls converge in an angle, deviating towards the east, closing the city walls to the south.
In terms of identifying the wall’s age, the ancient ceramic fragments found in the bricks are not helpful when trying to establish its exact moment of construction. The hypothesis that the walls were built after the mid-4th century BC, when Dionysius II rebuilt the city of Reggio under the name Febea, the city of Febo Apollo, is the most probable.The Archaeological Superintendence has hypothesized that, in the Reggio wall circuit, the walls in raw bricks come from the period of Anassila the tyrant (5th century BC), while those in burned bricks can be attributed to the tyrant Dionysius II, who was only in Reggio between 356 and 351 BC. Other scholars think instead that the walls, as we know them today, come from 4th century BC, based on the witnessed interventions by Dionysius II, the Republic of Reggina, and King Agathocles.Beyond the question of its exact dating, the Greek walls represent an important historical record not only of the city, but also of the entire classical civilization along the shores of the Mediterranean.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.