Callenberg Castle

Coburg, Germany

Callenberg Castle is located on a wooded hill in Beiersdorf, 6 kilometres from Coburg. It was a hunting lodge and summer residence and has long been the principal residence of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. It is currently owned by Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who created the Ducal Saxe-Coburg and Gotha House Order. A large and architecturally important family chapel is contained within.

A hill castle here was first mentioned as Chalwinberch in 1122. It served as the main seat for the Ritter von Callenberg until 1231, when the lord sold it to the Prince-Bishop of Würzburg. The knight made use of the proceeds to participate in a Crusade. In 1317 the House of Henneberg purchased the property and gave it as a fief to the Sternberg family. This family died out in 1592. As a vacant property, it now fell to Duke Johann Casimir. He intended to use it as a summer palace and planned substantial renovations but during his lifetime only the castle chapel was rebuilt.

Major construction work resumed only in 1827 under Ernst I. He had the castle completely redesigned, a landscape garden was created and an exhibit farm added, in which silkworms were bred. From 1842, Callenberg was the summer residence of the heir and future duke Ernst II. Today's Gothic revival elements date to another renovation after 1857. From 1893, Callenberg served as dowager house for Princess Alexandrine of Baden, the widow of Ernest II. The last ruling duke, Carl Eduard used Callenberg as a summer residence. After his death in 1954 he was buried here.

Post World War II, the castle fell into disrepair. It was first used by American troops and later served as a nursing home, housed a technical college and then a foundation. From the late 1970s, the castle stood empty and changed owners several times.

Architecture

The chapel features Gothic arches, Doric columns, Italian Renaissance parapets, medieval walls and a Baroque pulpit.

Today

Schloss Callenberg is once again owned by the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.  Due to its history and Gothic revival architecture it is a listed monument. Since 1998 it has displayed the ducal art and furniture collection and since 2004 it has also housed the German Rifle Museum (Deutsches Schützenmuseum). The cemetery, Cemetery Waldfriedhof or Waldfriedhof Beiersdorf, still remains, containing the remains of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein, among others.

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Address

Callenberg 1, Coburg, Germany
See all sites in Coburg

Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Salian Dynasty (Germany)

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Tino (11 months ago)
So beautiful! Seeing all the deer was a pleasant bonus!
Alexander Ott (11 months ago)
Sehr interessant. Very interesting, especially if you're from the UK, to see the roots of the Royal family.
Jose Agosto (12 months ago)
Great small castle to visit.
Mohamed Ghassen NCIBI (5 years ago)
This was not expected in our visit to Coburg but it was totally worth it. A place full of history. it tells that Coburg and Germany were not that unimportant in the european monarchs history
Nicole Roechert (5 years ago)
The outside is really nice, and in the distance you can see an even bigger castle on the hill side. For such a small castle, the admittance price is rather steep €10 per person, it is a little bit less if you have a group of 10 people. Toilet facilities are not friendly for wheelchair users as there are some small steps to get into the building, otherwise the one bathroom ( yes, one toilet for men and one toilet for women) is big enough to swing a cat in.
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