Château de Lutzelbourg

Lutzelbourg, France

The history of Château du Lutzelbourg begins with Pierre, the son of Count Frédéric de Montbéliard, of very noble lineage since he is related to the powerful house of Savoy. On the death of his grandmother, the Marquise Adélaïde of Suse, in December 1091, he became the heir to the Magraviate of Suse (Italy). However, the title is claimed by the Emperor Henry IV of the Holy Empire. By obligation, Pierre must then settle on his ancestral lands between Philippsbourg and the valley of the Zorn. Few sources mention the name 'Lutzelbourg', which comes from Lutzel Burg meaning Small Castle, before the 12th century. It does not appear until 1126 in the founding notice of the Convent of Saint Jean Saverne by Count Pierre de Lutzelbourg. Pierre took this name when he took possession of the site.

Around 1100, Pierre negotiated the exchange of the priory of Saint-Quirin with castel de Lutzelbourg at the abbey of Marmoutier in Alsace. Réginald will be the only son of the union of Pierre and Ita, his death a few days after Christmas 1142 leaves the county without descendants. It is the cousin of Pierre, the bishopric of Metz | bishop of Metz Étienne, who receives sovereignty around 1150 and gives custody of it to the first Lords of Lutzelbourg.

Two families had an important role in the history of the castle between the 13th and 14th centuries: the lords of Fénétrange and the Lutzelsteins share possession of the estate and successively impose their laws (toll duty in Lutzelbourg for example). They were ousted around 1450 by the Palatine Counts during the conquest of the castle.

In 1523, Louis the Pacific ordered the destruction of the castle of Lutzelbourg to stop the desires of Franz von Sickingen.

In 1840, the ruins of the castle of Lutzelbourg were saved from demolition by Adolf Germain, a notary in Phalsbourg because the owners wanted to sell the materials from the ruin to the companies that were building the railway line.

After several successive sales, Eugène Koeberlé, professor of Medicine in Strasbourg, bought the site. Around 1900, he decided to consolidate the ruins, to undertake excavations and to build the neo-Romanesque room.

The large square tower, built in the 12th century has a height of 24 meters and its walls are 2.40 meters thick. It was built by Count Pierre de Lutzelbourg and his son Reginald.

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Lutzelbourg, France
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Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in France
Historical period: Birth of Capetian dynasty (France)

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sandy Schlaudecker (2 years ago)
Lots of old "buildings" atop a "butte" overlooking the town and canal below. For me the view was more rewarding than the castle. We walked a decent path to get to the top. Quite steep, but good.
Rik Van Soest (2 years ago)
For sure worth a visit. Nice old castle ruin.
David Jowanka (2 years ago)
A beautiful ancient castle from the 11th hundred worth seeing!
Eric MALAHIEUDE (3 years ago)
Incredible site. Do not avoid to visit.
Hosj CJ (6 years ago)
The ruins of a Château which was constructed during the 11th and 12th century. Best place for a small hike. And the panoramic view from above is mind blowing!!
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