The Bip Castle was constructed in 1795-1797 under the project of architect V. F. Brenna by the order of emperor Paul I. There were remains of old sweden fortification on the place of construction. This place is rather convenient for such kind of buildings. The Castle was included in the military register of fortresses of the Russian Empire and there was small garrison under command of commandant Arakcheev. The drawbridge was lifted at the sunset and gun fired a shot on midday.
After Paul's I death various institutions had accommodation here such as the School for deaf children, Clinic of cavalry regiment, Aleksandrovskij college, Pavlovsk city board. After October 1917 coup d’etat there were orphaned house, military komissariat, sovdep(local council of 'peoples' deputies). During WWII the Bip Castle has burned down, but today it is restored as a hotel.References:
Krickenbeck moated castle is one of the oldest on the lower Rhine. Its history dates back to the year 1104, when the castle was first mentioned. It is unclear why the old castle, which was certainly inhabited by Count Reginar, was abandoned or destroyed. In the mid-13th century the castle was moved to the current location. At the end of the 14th century the new castle belonged to the Counts of Kleve.
Johann Friedrich II of Schesaberg converted the castle into a Baroque mansion between 1708-1721. On September 7, 1902, a fire destroyed the entire mansion. From 1903 to 1904, a three-winged castle was built in the Neo-Renaissance style. Today Krickenbeck is a conference center.