Rennes Cathedral

Rennes, France

The site of current Rennes Cathedral has been used for a cathedral more or less from the beginnings of the see in the 6th century. The earliest building was completely replaced by a Gothic cathedral in the 12th century, of which in 1490 the tower and the entire west front collapsed. The existing façade with its neoclassical granite towers in four stages was constructed over the next two centuries or so, with long gaps between the different stages: the lowest level was built between 1541 and 1543, the second from 1640 to 1654 (by Tugal Caris), and the fourth (by Pierre Corbineau) from 1654 to 1678. Yet another architect, François Hoguet, completed the towers, between 1679 and 1704, at their present height of 48 metres and added the device of Louis XVI between them.

The nave and choir however had not been restored. During vespers on 11 February 1754 a great stone fell from the roof of the choir, and it was decided, before the entire body of the cathedral collapsed, to demolish all these parts and rebuild them. The demolition was carried out between 1756 and 1768, leaving only the towers and west front standing. Rebuilding began in 1787, shortly after which the French Revolution began and all work was suspended. It did not recommence until 1816, initially under the supervision of the architect Mathurin Crucy. He died in 1826; the work was continued under the local architect Louis Richelot, and finished in 1845.

The original decoration was in a plain neo-classical style, but during the 19th century it was extensively refurbished with gilt, stucco and paintings (inspired by those in the Parliament of Rennes) to create a more sumptuous appearance. Characteristic of this cathedral is the contrast between the rich decoration, including, in front of the altar, slabs of rare marble from the Roman Forum, a gift from Pope Pius IX, and the sombre granite of the structure.

This church is dedicated to Saint Melaine, traditionally the first Bishop of Rennes, buried here in the 6th century. The present buildings were constructed in the 17th century, and were badly damaged during World War II.

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Founded: 17th century
Category: Religious sites in France

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Kristian Buffer (2 years ago)
Awesome place with a true mystic atmosphere, will be coming back.
Jeanette Wellems (3 years ago)
Big church but didn't impress me especially as I live in Italy and know many Renaissance churches. Closed between 12-15h. If you just see the façade dont be sorry, that's very impressing.
Cezar Neculae (3 years ago)
Impressive cathedrale.
Maria Martinez (4 years ago)
It has a small museum inside which explains the reconstruction of an important piece of art.
Barbara Janiszewska (5 years ago)
Beautiful...we are so lucky to have these wonderful buildings, reminding us of the past.
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