Kovalyovo Transfiguration Church

Veliky Novgorod, Russia

The Transfiguration Church in Kovalyovo was built around 1345. The southern annex is thought to have been designed as the burial vault of the Zhabin family. The church was notable for the frescoes created in the 14th century. During the Second World War, between 1941 and 1943, the church was destroyed. After the war, the ruins were conserved. In the 1960s, fragments of the frescoes were restored. Only 16 square metres originally survived, but the restorers (led by Alexander Grekov and Valentina Grekova) managed to retrieve about 160 square metres of frescoes from the debris. In 1970, the church was rebuilt to a design by Leonid Krasnorechyev.

The church is constructed in brick, and has one dome. It has a single apse and four square columns. This design is typical for pre-Mongol Novgorod churches. There are two auxiliary chapels of different size flanking the main building from the south and from the north. The south chapel has a set of limestone crosses inserted in the walls. The system of vault roofing features three semicircular wall gables (zakomara) which hark back to the pre-Mongol period. The pillars are square rather than circular or octagonal, as was typical for the 14th century.

The frescoes, created ca. 1380, covered the apse, the inner surface of the dome, the southern and the northern walls of the church, some of the pillars, and the interior of the western chapel. They were sponsored by Afanasy Stepanovich and his wife. The frescoes are thought to have been painted by a team of Balkan (possibly Serbian) painters. Their static and hieratic style has little in common with other Novgorodian frescoes of the period; but it shares similarities with the older Byzantine tradition. The total area of the frescoes was 450 square metres.

The interior of the dome was filled with images of the prophets. But it is the images of warrior saints that predominate. This is usually explained by the fact that in the 1370s the Grand Duchy of Moscow, with the support of other Russian states, was preparing to fight against the Golden Horde, culminating in 1380 with the Battle of Kulikovo. There is also the first Russian image of the dead Jesus Christ in the tomb.



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Founded: 1345
Category: Religious sites in Russia

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User Reviews

Валерий Вдовин (22 months ago)
Красивый памятник архитектуры. Зимой ее можно посмотреть только снаружи, но она того стоит, в отличии от большинства новгородских храмов в ее стенах есть украшения. Кроме того, она не побелена и виден материал строительства большинства местных церквей. В рамках экскурсии "Летопись исчезнувших времен" около нее проводили русские народные игры с аниматором в русском платье.
Vladimir Kynin (2 years ago)
Очень интересная архитектура, и отдельно, конечно, впечатляет масштаб работы, проделанной реставраторами - храм восстановлен практически с нуля.
Petr Kutuzov (2 years ago)
В Храме Спаса Преображения множество ветхозаветных сюжетов и пророков. Это говорит о том , что в древнем христианстве связь с Новым Иерусалимом, Царством была зримой. А сейчас , хоть и осталась в богослужебных книгах, но менее в живописи стен охранительных.
TolBayb (2 years ago)
Церковь Спаса на Ковалеве была выстроена в 1345 году новгородским боярином Онцифором Жабиным. Она принадлежит к числу памятников переходной эпохи, в архитектурном облике ее отразились и те новые поиски, которые характерны для новгородского зодчества конца ХIII - первой половины ХIV века, и старые традиции домонгольского периода.
MPV-VIDEO HDTV (2 years ago)
Очень красивый памятник древней архитектуры Великого Новгорода. Раньше сюда приезжало много свадеб, поэтому называли "пьяная церковь".. Сейчас мало кто ездит, т.к. всё же это памятник, и выпивать около него не стоит. Иногда церковь бывает открыта для посещения. Внутри пока нет фресок и росписи но есть подсветка, а стены белые. И можно подняться на второй этаж посмотреть. Не пожалеете.
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