Gialia Monastery Ruins

Gialia, Cyprus

The Gialia Monastery is a ruined medieval Georgian Orthodox monastery dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Located in a forest some five kilometers from the coast near the small town of Polis Chrysochous, the ruins were identified, in 1981, by the Georgian scholar Wachtang Djobadze of California State University on the basis of the medieval Georgian accounts. It was not, however, until 2006 that a systematic archaeological research followed after the Georgian and Cypriot governments agreed to jointly investigate the ruins.

It was reported in 2008 that excavation evidence indicated the monastery was commissioned in the late 10th century by Georgian King David III Kuropalates and that renovations were made during the reign of David IV Aghmashenebeli (1089-1125). The monastery is certainly attested in the 12th century, when it was renovated at the behest of Queen Tamar of Georgia (1184-1213). Ancient Georgian sources report that it was in Georgian ownership until the 14th century, and graves and other items uncovered indicate that it was in use between the 14th and 16th centuries. It was reportedly plundered and destroyed in the 16th century, but appears to have been in use as recently as 1935, until final destruction by an earthquake in 1953.

Two main structures have been identified: the earlier Virgin church, and the later St. George's church dated probably to the 11th and 12th centuries respectively. Remains of Georgian paintings and inscriptions from the 13th and 14th century have also survived.

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Address

Gialia, Cyprus
See all sites in Gialia

Details

Founded: 10th century
Category: Ruins in Cyprus

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Andrey Nikulin (2 years ago)
I’m very proud that i have visited that holy place, sure that restoration will take place soon and we will pray there! God bless us!
Rock Cyprus (2 years ago)
The story of this medieval Georgian Orthodox Monastery is now well-known, after the identification of its ruins by Wachtang Djobadze in 1981. The beautiful remains of the Panagia Chrysogialiotissa Church, protected by a gigantic overhead cover, dominate the view among the thick trees of the Pafos forest. It's touching to see the Georgian inscriptions and what has been left from the murals on the walls (check my photo stream below). The headwaters of the Gialia stream are situated nearby. A very nice experience.
Scarlet Pimpernel (2 years ago)
A beautiful peaceful place. And there is welcome spring water there from a tap.
Rob Henderson (3 years ago)
Site is fully fenced of but there are two gates which you can open and let yourself in by. It is sign posted from the road and then a long drive up a dirt track. However you can continue on the road and then cross the river bed higher up. Probably beautiful drive in spring but we went in summer.
Peter Merabishvili (5 years ago)
Old Georgian monastery, but sadly it's ruined
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Derbent Fortress

Derbent is the southernmost city in Russia, occupying the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the Eurasian steppes to the north and the Iranian Plateau to the south. Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. Due to its strategic location, over the course of history, the city changed ownership many times, particularly among the Persian, Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms.

Derbent has archaeological structures over 5,000 years old. As a result of this geographic peculiarity, the city developed between two walls, stretching from the mountains to the sea. These fortifications were continuously employed for a millennium and a half, longer than any other extant fortress in the world.

A traditionally and historically Iranian city, the first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BC. The site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BC. Until the 4th century AD, it was part of Caucasian Albania which was a satrap of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In the 5th century Derbent functioned as a border fortress and the seat of Sassanid Persians. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. In 654, Derbent was captured by the Arabs.

The Sassanid fortress does not exist any more, as the famous Derbent fortress as it stands today was built from the 12th century onward. Derbent became a strong military outpost and harbour of the Sassanid empire. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus.

The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century. Today the fortifications consist of two parallel defence walls and Naryn-Kala Citadel. The walls are 3.6km long, stretching from the sea up to the mountains. They were built from stone and had 73 defence towers. 9 out of the 14 original gates remain.

In Naryn-Kala Citadel most of the old buildings, including a palace and a church, are now in ruins. It also holds baths and one of the oldest mosques in the former USSR.

In 2003, UNESCO included the old part of Derbent with traditional buildings in the World Heritage List.