Maria Engelport Monastery lies in the sleepy valley of the Flaumbach, a tributary valley of the Mosel. It was founded three times during its history. The original foundation took place in 1220. According to the legend appeared to knight Emelrikus of Monreal, he lived near Treis-Karden in Fankel, two angels with burning candles and jingling bells as he was out hunting. At this place he built a church and a convent. Cistercians of the convent Klosterkumpd near Simmern were appointed to Engelport. Because of the bad living conditions, they soon moved back to their old convent.
The monastery was re-established in 1265. Count Philipp II. of Wildenburg near Treis founded the new convent. Premonstratensians which were under the control of abbey Steinfeld in the Eifel, moved in. In the Thirty Year’s War it was plundered and destroyed several times. In the year 1648 it was rebuilt. But in 1794 it was destroyed in the French revolutionary war. The nuns had to flee and were not able to come back. The majority of the building was torn down. Inside the present courtyard is reminiscent of the old church and the enclosure wall of the old convent.
Thanks to the efforts of reverend Haubrich of Pommern, the “Oblaten der Makellosen Jungfrau Maria” built the present monastery Maria Engelport on the old site in 1903. The government attached conditions to the permission of the rebuilding. Therefore the new monastery became a colonial school for the education of missionaries for the former German colony in South West Africa, today known as Namibia.References:
Augustusburg Palace represents one of the first examples of Rococo creations in Germany. For the Cologne elector and archbishop Clemens August of the House of Wittelsbach it was the favourite residence. In 1725 the Westphalian architect Johann Conrad Schlaun was commissioned by Clemens August to begin the construction of the palace on the ruins of a medieval moated castle.
In 1728, the Bavarian court architect François de Cuvilliés took over and made the palace into one of the most glorious residences of its time. Until its completion in 1768, numerous outstanding artists of European renown contributed to its beauty. A prime example of the calibre of artists employed here is Balthasar Neumann, who created the design for the magnificent staircase, an enchanting creation full of dynamism and elegance. The magical interplay of architecture, sculpture, painting and garden design made the Brühl Palaces a masterpiece of German Rococo.
UNESCO honoured history and present of the Rococo Palaces by inscribing Augustusburg Palace – together with Falkenlust Palace and their extensive gardens – on the World Heritage List in 1984. From 1949 onwards, Augustusburg Palace was used for representative purposes by the German Federal President and the Federal Government for many decades.
In 1728, Dominique Girard designed the palace gardens according to French models. Owing to constant renovation and care, it is today one of the most authentic examples of 18th century garden design in Europe. Next to the Baroque gardens, Peter Joseph Lenné redesigned the forested areas based on English landscaping models. Today it is a wonderful place to have a walk.