Maria Engelport Monastery lies in the sleepy valley of the Flaumbach, a tributary valley of the Mosel. It was founded three times during its history. The original foundation took place in 1220. According to the legend appeared to knight Emelrikus of Monreal, he lived near Treis-Karden in Fankel, two angels with burning candles and jingling bells as he was out hunting. At this place he built a church and a convent. Cistercians of the convent Klosterkumpd near Simmern were appointed to Engelport. Because of the bad living conditions, they soon moved back to their old convent.
The monastery was re-established in 1265. Count Philipp II. of Wildenburg near Treis founded the new convent. Premonstratensians which were under the control of abbey Steinfeld in the Eifel, moved in. In the Thirty Year’s War it was plundered and destroyed several times. In the year 1648 it was rebuilt. But in 1794 it was destroyed in the French revolutionary war. The nuns had to flee and were not able to come back. The majority of the building was torn down. Inside the present courtyard is reminiscent of the old church and the enclosure wall of the old convent.
Thanks to the efforts of reverend Haubrich of Pommern, the “Oblaten der Makellosen Jungfrau Maria” built the present monastery Maria Engelport on the old site in 1903. The government attached conditions to the permission of the rebuilding. Therefore the new monastery became a colonial school for the education of missionaries for the former German colony in South West Africa, today known as Namibia.References:
The castle of La Iruela, small but astonishing, is located on the top of a steep crag in Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park. From the castle, impressive views of the surrounding area and of the town can be enjoyed.
The keep dates from the Christian era. It has a square base and small dimensions and is located at the highest part of the crag.
There are some other enclosures within the tower that create a small alcázar which is difficult to access.
In a lower area of the castle, protected with defensive remains of rammed earth and irregular masonry, is an old Muslim farmstead.
After a recent restoration, an open-air theater has been built on La Iruela castle enclosure. This theater is a tribute to the Greek and Classic Eras and holds various artistic and cultural shows throughout the year.
The first traces of human activity in La Iruela area are dated from the Copper Age. An intense occupation continued until the Bronze Age.
Originally, La Iruela (like Cazorla) was a modest farmstead. From the 11th century, a wall and a small fortress were built on the hill to protect the farmers.
Around 1231, don Rodrigo Ximénez de Rada, Archbishop of Toledo, conquered La Iruela and made it part of the Adelantamiento de Cazorla. Over the Muslim fortress, the current fortress was built.
Once the military use of the fortress ended, it was used as cemetery.