Poseritz Brick church is built on foundations of large fieldstones. There are individual fieldstone courses in the tower. Work on the nave began between 1302 and 1325. The structure was designed as a three aisle hall structure, and this plan was followed in the first phase of construction, visible in the applied columns to the left and right of the tower entrance. Those to the east were removed in widening the triumphal arch, when a broader choir than originally planned was added, which required cuts into the east wall of the nave. The outer walls originate from the three aisle hall church. But in the second phase of construction the church was finally erected in the form of a triple-bay hall with buttresses. The choir, nave, and sacristy have cross vaulting, applied columns supported outside by abutment piers. Choir with rectangular termination built shortly afterwards in the 14th century. The sacristy was added afterwards in about 1400 to the north between the choir and the east wall of the nave. Massive west tower dating from later than 1450 using existing denticulation, a polygonal spire being added in 1580. The west portal with its segmental arch has an old, nailed diamond pattern door. The interior is plastered in white.
Oldest furnishings and accessories are the 14th century limestone font and Gothic crucifix over the south portal from about 1400. Other furnishings include offertory box from the 15th century, bell from about 1500, large triumphal cross ensemble with 16th century cross, Mary and John from the 15th century, two wooden patron chairs from 1598 and 1600, memorial tablet from 1600, late Baroque carved altar from 1703, confessional from 1747 and Rococo pulpit by Jakob Freese, Stralsund, from 1755.References:
The Palazzo Colonna is a palatial block of buildings built in part over ruins of an old Roman Serapeum, and has belonged to the prestigious Colonna family for over twenty generations.
The first part of the palace dates from the 13th century, and tradition holds that the building hosted Dante in his visit to Rome. The first documentary mention notes that the property hosted Cardinal Giovanni and Giacomo Colonna in the 13th century. It was also home to Cardinal Oddone Colonna before he ascended to the papacy as Martin V (1417–1431).
With his passing, the palace was sacked during feuds, and the main property passed into the hands of the Della Rovere family. It returned to the Colonna family when Marcantonio I Colonna married Lucrezia Gara Franciotti Della Rovere, the niece of pope Julius II. The Colonna"s alliance to the Habsburg power, likely protected the palace from looting during the Sack of Rome (1527).
Starting with Filippo Colonna (1578–1639) many changes have refurbished and create a unitary complex around a central garden. Architects including Girolamo Rainaldi and Paolo Marucelli labored on specific projects. Only in the 17th and 18th centuries were the main facades completed. Much of this design was completed by Antonio del Grande (including the grand gallery), and Girolamo Fontana (decoration of gallery). In the 18th century, the long low facade designed by Nicola Michetti with later additions by Paolo Posi with taller corner blocks (facing Piazza Apostoli) was constructed recalls earlier structures resembling a fortification.
The main gallery (completed 1703) and the masterful Colonna art collection was acquired after 1650 by both the cardinal Girolamo I Colonna and his nephew the Connestabile Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna and includes works by Lorenzo Monaco, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Palma the Elder, Salviati, Bronzino, Tintoretto, Pietro da Cortona, Annibale Carracci (painting of The Beaneater), Guercino, Francesco Albani, Muziano and Guido Reni. Ceiling frescoes by Filippo Gherardi, Giovanni Coli, Sebastiano Ricci, and Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari celebrate the role of Marcantonio II Colonna in the battle of Lepanto (1571). The gallery is open to the public on Saturday mornings.
The older wing of the complex known as the Princess Isabelle"s apartments, but once housing Martin V"s library and palace, contains frescoes by Pinturicchio, Antonio Tempesta, Crescenzio Onofri, Giacinto Gimignani, and Carlo Cesi. It contains a collection of landscapes and genre scenes by painters like Gaspard Dughet, Caspar Van Wittel (Vanvitelli), and Jan Brueghel the Elder.
Along with the possessions of the Doria-Pamphilij and Pallavacini-Rospigliosi families, this is one of the largest private art collections in Rome.