Poseritz Brick church is built on foundations of large fieldstones. There are individual fieldstone courses in the tower. Work on the nave began between 1302 and 1325. The structure was designed as a three aisle hall structure, and this plan was followed in the first phase of construction, visible in the applied columns to the left and right of the tower entrance. Those to the east were removed in widening the triumphal arch, when a broader choir than originally planned was added, which required cuts into the east wall of the nave. The outer walls originate from the three aisle hall church. But in the second phase of construction the church was finally erected in the form of a triple-bay hall with buttresses. The choir, nave, and sacristy have cross vaulting, applied columns supported outside by abutment piers. Choir with rectangular termination built shortly afterwards in the 14th century. The sacristy was added afterwards in about 1400 to the north between the choir and the east wall of the nave. Massive west tower dating from later than 1450 using existing denticulation, a polygonal spire being added in 1580. The west portal with its segmental arch has an old, nailed diamond pattern door. The interior is plastered in white.
Oldest furnishings and accessories are the 14th century limestone font and Gothic crucifix over the south portal from about 1400. Other furnishings include offertory box from the 15th century, bell from about 1500, large triumphal cross ensemble with 16th century cross, Mary and John from the 15th century, two wooden patron chairs from 1598 and 1600, memorial tablet from 1600, late Baroque carved altar from 1703, confessional from 1747 and Rococo pulpit by Jakob Freese, Stralsund, from 1755.References:
The St Sophia's Cathedral was built between 1045-1050 inside the Novgorod Kremlin (fortress). It is one of the earliest stone structures of northern Russia. Its height is 38 m. Originally it was taller, for during the past nine centuries the lower part of the building became concealed by the two-metre thick cultural layer. The cathedral was built by Prince Vladimir, the son of Yaroslav the Wise, and until the 1130s this principal church of the city also served as the sepulchre of Novgorodian princes. For the Novgorodians, St Sophia became synonymous with their town, the symbol of civic power and independence.
The five-domed church looks simpler but no less impressive than its prototype, the thirteen-domed St Sophia of Kiev. The cathedral exterior is striking in its majesty and epic splendour evoking the memories of Novgorod's glorious past and invincible might. In the 11th century it looked more imposing than now. Its facade represented a gigantic mosaic of huge, coarsely trimmed irregular slabs of flagstone and shell rock. In some places (particularly on the apses), the wall was covered with mortar, smoothly polished, drawn up to imitate courses of brick or of whitestone slabs, and slightly coloured. As a result, the facade was not white, as it is today, but multicoloured. The play of stone, decorative painting and the building materials of various texture enhanced the impression of austere simplicity and introduced a picturesque effect.
The two-storied galleries extend along the building's southern, western and northern sides, with a stair-tower constructed at the north-eastern corner. The cathedral has three entrances - the southern, western and northern, of which the western was the main one intended for ceremonial processions. A gate standing at the entrance is known as the Sigtuna Gate (mid-12th century); according to legend, it was brought from the Swedish town of Sigtuna in 1187. The second name of the gate derives from the town of Magdeburg, where it was made. The two leaves are decorated with biblical and evangelical scenes in cast bronze relief. In the lower left corner there are portraits of the craftsmen who created this superb specimen of medieval Western European bronze-work. An inscription in Latin gives their names, Riquin and Weissmut. The small central figure - judging from an inscription in Slavonic - is a representation of the Russian master craftsman Avraam, who assembled the gate.
There is yet another bronze gate in the cathedral, called the Korsun Gate. Made in the 11th century in Chersonesos, Byzantium, it leads from the southern gallery into the Nativity Side-Chapel. Legend has it that the gate was handed over to Novgorod as a gift of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (c. 978 - 1054).
The interior of the cathedral is as majestic as its exterior. It is divided by huge piers into five aisles, three of which end in altar apses. In the south-western corner, inside the tower, there is a wide spiral in relatively small, modest buildings of the 12th - 16th centuries.