Kudjape cemetery is a unique graveyard with classic chapels, crypt and chamber graves and monuments made of local marble. The cemetery is rich in hewn stone and metal designs. The oldest grave dates back to the year 1787.

Several well-known people who have lived in Kuressaare, like Johann Wilhelm Ludvig von Luce (1756 - 1842), Jean Baptiste Holzmayer (1839 - 1890), Friedrich Sigismund Stern (1812 - 1889), Martin Körber (1817 - 1893) and others have been buried here. There is also a monument made in honour of the islanders who were held prisoner, and in the southern part of the cemetery, there is an area designated for both the German and Russian military.


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Harri Kaert (2 years ago)
Jaanis Prii (3 years ago)
II maailmasõjas hukkunud on maetud eraldi osasse Kudjape Kalmistul. Kalmistu ise on rajatud 1780. Selle vanemas osas on palju krüpthaudu, omapäraseid hauatähiseid ja üsna mitu kabelit. Siia on maetud näiteks Saaremaa kuulus arst, kultuuritegelane ja kirjanik Johann Wilhelm Ludwig von Luce, rahvapärimuse varajane koguja Jean Baptiste Holzmayer, Saaremaa kohti jäädvustanud litograaf Friedrich Sigmund Stern aga ka Martin Körberi ja Joosep Aavik.
Anatoly Ko (7 years ago)
Kudjape, Kaarma, Saaremaa, 58.263621, 22.523037 ‎ 58° 15' 49.04", 22° 31' 22.93" Это кладбище представляет из себя захоронение немецких войск, где похоронено более 700 военных, повторное открытие кладбища состоялось в 1996 году. Восстановлением кладбища занималось народное немецкое общество по Восстановлению военных могил. Кладбище привели в порядок молодежные лагеря в 1991-1997 годах, в лагерях бок о бок работала эстонская и немецкая молодёжь. Было решено перезахоронить на этом кладбище прах людей, захороненных на других небольших кладбищах, расположенных по всему Сааремаа. По данным, передающимся из уст в уста, когда в 1944 году на Сааремаа вновь пришла советская власть, военное кладбище в Кудьяпе было приказано сравнять с землёй. Неподалёку от кладбища, в западной направлении, находится довольно большое советское кладбище, которое на сегодняшний уже несколько раз переделывалось и перестраивалось, за кладбищем следят и наводят порядок. Чуть больше пятой части могил бывшего военного немецкого кладбища разрушили в 1970-ом году. Место захоронения 155 советских военных солдат и офицеров получило современный внешний вид в 1986 году (скульптор Антс Мёлдер, архитектор Антс Кылли).
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Klis Fortress

From its origin as a small stronghold built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae, becoming a royal castle that was the seat of many Croatian kings, to its final development as a large fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe, Klis Fortress has guarded the frontier, being lost and re-conquered several times. Due to its location on a pass that separates the mountains Mosor and Kozjak, the fortress served as a major source of defense in Dalmatia, especially against the Ottoman advance, and has been a key crossroad between the Mediterranean belt and the Balkan rear.

Since Duke Mislav of the Duchy of Croatia made Klis Fortress the seat of his throne in the middle of the 9th century, the fortress served as the seat of many Croatia"s rulers. The reign of his successor, Duke Trpimir I, the founder of the Croatian royal House of Trpimirović, is significant for spreading Christianity in the Duchy of Croatia. He largely expanded the Klis Fortress, and in Rižinice, in the valley under the fortress, he built a church and the first Benedictine monastery in Croatia. During the reign of the first Croatian king, Tomislav, Klis and Biograd na Moru were his chief residences.

In March 1242 at Klis Fortress, Tatars who were a constituent segment of the Mongol army under the leadership of Kadan suffered a major defeat while in pursuit of the Hungarian army led by King Béla IV. After their defeat by Croatian forces, the Mongols retreated, and Béla IV rewarded many Croatian towns and nobles with 'substantial riches'. During the Late Middle Ages, the fortress was governed by Croatian nobility, amongst whom Paul I Šubić of Bribir was the most significant. During his reign, the House of Šubić controlled most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia. Excluding the brief possession by the forces of Bosnian King, Tvrtko I, the fortress remained in Hungaro-Croatian hands for the next several hundred years, until the 16th century.

Klis Fortress is probably best known for its defense against the Ottoman invasion of Europe in the early 16th century. Croatian captain Petar Kružić led the defense of the fortress against a Turkish invasion and siege that lasted for more than two and a half decades. During this defense, as Kružić and his soldiers fought without allies against the Turks, the military faction of Uskoks was formed, which later became famous as an elite Croatian militant sect. Ultimately, the defenders were defeated and the fortress was occupied by the Ottomans in 1537. After more than a century under Ottoman rule, in 1669, Klis Fortress was besieged and seized by the Republic of Venice, thus moving the border between Christian and Muslim Europe further east and helping to contribute to the decline of the Ottoman Empire. The Venetians restored and enlarged the fortress, but it was taken by the Austrians after Napoleon extinguished the republic itself in 1797. Today, Klis Fortress contains a museum where visitors to this historic military structure can see an array of arms, armor, and traditional uniforms.