Burghausen Castle

Burghausen, Germany

Burghausen Castle is the longest castle complex in the world (1,043 m), confirmed by the Guiness World Record company. The castle hill was already settled in the Bronze Age. The castle (which was founded before 1025) was transferred to the Wittelsbachs after the death of the last count of Burghausen, Gebhard II, in 1168. In 1180 they were appointed dukes of Bavaria and the castle was extended under Duke Otto I of Wittelsbach.

With the first partition of Bavaria in 1255, Burghausen Castle became the second residence of the dukes of Lower Bavaria, the main residence being Landshut. In 1255 under Duke Henry XIII (1253–1290) the work for the main castle commenced. In 1331 Burghausen and its castle passed to Otto IV, Duke of Lower Bavaria.

Under the dukes of Bavaria-Landshut (1392-1503), the fortifications were extended around the entire castle hill. Starting with Margarete of Austria, the deported wife of the despotic Duke Henry XVI (1393–1450), the castle became the residence of the Duke's consorts and widows, and also a stronghold for the ducal treasures. In 1447 Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria died in the castle as Henry's prisoner. Under Duke Georg of Bavaria (1479–1503) the work was completed and Burghausen Castle became the strongest fortress of the region.

After the reunification of Bavaria in 1505 with the Landshut War of Succession the castle had military importance, and due to the threat of the Ottoman Empire it was subsequently modernised. During the Thirty Years War Gustav Horn was kept imprisoned in the castle from 1634 to 1641. After the Treaty of Teschen in 1779 Burghausen Castle became a border castle. During the Napoleonic Wars the castle suffered some destruction. The 'Liebenwein tower' was occupied by the painter Maximilian Liebenwein from 1899 until his death. He decorated the interior in the Art Nouveau style.

The gothic castle comprises the main castle with the inner courtyard and five outer courtyards. The outermost point of the main castle is the Palas with the ducal private rooms. Today it houses the castle museum, including late Gothic paintings of the Bavarian State Picture Collection. On the town side of the main castle next to the donjon are the gothic inner Chapel of St. Elizabeth (1255) and the knights' hall with its two vaulted halls. Opposite the Dürnitz are the wings of the Duchess' residence.

The first outer courtyard protected the main castle and also included the stables, the brewery and the bakery. The second courtyard houses the large Arsenal building (1420) and the gunsmith's tower. This yard is protected by the dominant Saint George's Gate (1494). The Grain Tower and the Grain Measure Tower were used for stabling and to store animal food; they belong to the third courtyard. The main sight of the fourth courtyard is the late Gothic outer Chapel of St. Hedwig (1479–1489). The court officials and craftsmen worked and lived in the fifth courtyard, which was once protected by a strong fortification. In 1800 this fortification was destroyed by the French under Michel Ney.

The Pulverturm ('Powder Tower', constructed before 1533) protected the castle in the western valley next to the Wöhrsee lake. A battlement connects this tower with the main castle.



Your name


Founded: 11th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Salian Dynasty (Germany)


4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Radhe Shyam (36 days ago)
The longest castle in Europe. This is a true pearl of Bavaria. I don't even know what is more beautiful: the castle itself or the views that open from it! The atmosphere of medieval antiquity prevails on the territory of the castle. There is a bar, a restourant, a little shop and toilets. Descendants of noble families still live on the territory of the castle. The castle can be reached by stairs from the city center or by back passages from the lake. At the foot of the castle there is a beautiful emerald lake where you can swim and sunbathe. Entrance is 3 euros. Not far from the lake there is a free underground parking lot from the hospital. Definitely recommend!!
Julie (2 months ago)
First visit to the festival, fantastic beautiful place ??,
Rethin R (4 months ago)
We thoroughly enjoyed the Castle and the walk around it. It may be that the weather also played a crucial role, being sunny and the modest breeze, setting up the mood. The parking near the castle can become a crunch during weekends so plan to park either downtown or before you reach the destination. There are a few eateries inside the castle and I suggest cafe burghausen. Many small windows to explore and observe the beauty of the Castle and surroundings. Also plenty of green space for kids to have fun.
sharne dodds (11 months ago)
Lovely historical castle that stretches 1km across the hilltop, parking is available on site but limited at busy times, you can park within a few 100m and walk to the castle fairly easily. Entry is free to the site with a museum section which charges a fee. Nice eateries available and public facilities in multi locations.
Park Seonghwa (18 months ago)
The castle all over is beautiful. There are many possibilities to spent the day. In December they usually open a "Christkindlmarkt" which is perfect for a romantic walk in the night. But not only that! In summer the little lake in front of the castle is pretty popular as well. The castle includes two tiny museum's. You need to pay for the entrance but it's not much. Not only adults enjoy a visit, but also children. The castle is huge and shows much place to play. In conclusion a visit is affordable, family friendly and wonderful at any month.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Kristiansten Fortress

Kristiansten Fortress was built to protect the city against attack from the east. Construction was finished in 1685. General Johan Caspar von Cicignon, who was chief inspector of kuks fortifications, was responsible for the new town plan of Trondheim after the great fire of 18 April 1681. He also made the plans for the construction of Kristiansten Fortress.

The fortress was built during the period from 1682 to 1684 and strengthened to a complete defence fortification in 1691 by building an advanced post Kristiandsands bastion in the east and in 1695 with the now vanished Møllenberg skanse by the river Nidelven. These fortifications were encircled by a continuous palisade and thereby connected to the fortified city. In 1750 the fortress was modernized with new bastions and casemates to protect against mortar artillery.