Viru-Nigula Chapel Ruins

Viru-Nigula, Estonia

The ruins of the Viru-Nigula Maarja chapel, which was shaped like a Greek cross, is the only building of this kind from the Catholic period in Estonia. The ruins have also been associated with a Russian style church architecture The chapel probably dates back to the 13th century.

Reference: Jaanus Plaat. Orthodoxy and Orthodox Sacral Buildings in Estonia from the 11th to the 19th centuries.

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Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Ruins in Estonia
Historical period: Danish and Livonian Order (Estonia)

More Information

www.folklore.ee

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

lero2891 (8 months ago)
The old church with ancient burials, next to the church estate, where there is a museum with the history of the life of the pastor and his family, the museum has a great guide))
Matteo Laurenzi (11 months ago)
A very pretty church now Lutheran.
Tarmo Tarbe (12 months ago)
Just old church
zinaida staruhhina (2 years ago)
For me, some sort of mystical sensation produced this place. (While we were there, we saw no souls, crows crowed them constantly there, a lot of fog.) In general, all the attributes for horror films. We arrived early in the morning and amid the fog of fog from the highway in the distance, the dome of the local church was clearly visible. The temple was surprised by its size and height for such a small village, its spire is visible among the trees for several kilometers. The first information about the temple, judging by its brief history, written on a sign next to it - refers to the second half of the 13th century. However, the old temple was destroyed as a result of the Russian-Swedish war in 1658. The new temple was built in 1755, but was badly damaged during the Second World War, it was restored only in 1988-89, and in 1998 it was transferred to the Register of Monuments. The church is now a 24-register authority. Around the temple behind a low stone fence, as is customary, an old cemetery is located. Nearby is a memorial stone Kongla Ann, who lived in the parish of Mach. She was a woman executed as a witch by foreign powers in 1640. The memorial, which the locals call the Witch's Stone, was erected by the Heritage Protection Society of Viru-Nigul and local pagans in 1990, 350 years from the date of its execution. What she so prevented, alas, we did not know, since the local museum was closed. Although it seemed to me all the time that someone was watching us from the windows of the museum while we were wandering around. I forgot to add here next to the temple, a monument was erected to the Estonian soldiers who fell in the war of liberation in 1918-1920. In addition, in the village found: 1. An interesting house with painted windows. 2. The Stone of Birth. On the sacrificial stones you can find natural or artificial depressions, where the sacrificial gifts were placed. Often such stones were given names. In Estonia, more than 1,700 stones with depressions have been registered, of which about 400, according to folk legends, are associated with the tradition of sacrificing or have magical healing power. 3. An interesting monument of architecture stands 500 meters east of the village. These are the ruins of the chapel of St. Mary built in the Middle Ages. The chapel has been destroyed for almost 300 years, only the western wall and the foundation of the choir have been preserved. Mysterious and frightening ruins rising above the field were the site of sacrifice. The chronicle recorded that in ancient times, one of the stones close to the chapel was brought on the day of the fast (March 25) sacrificial food. In order for the cattle to breed well and not be sick, the locals crawled naked around the sacrificial stone. Blind and deaf pilgrims came to the ruins of the chapel of St. Mary.
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