Located in the eastern Pyrenees at an altitude of 1600 metres, the stronghold of Mont-Louis was built from scratch by Vauban on granite terrain and is perfectly adapted to the geography of the site. Work started in 1679 and was completed in two years. The fortified ensemble was added as a complement to Villefranche-de-Conflent in securing the route from the Pyrenees.

This ensemble consists of two square structures, in tiers on the slope: a citadel with orillon bastions and demi-lunes (ravelins) and a new town enclosed in the enceinte. Although it is rare, all the watch towers and drawbridge gates as well as both churches and wells have been preserved intact since the 17th century. The citadel is still used for military purposes today.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1679
Category: Castles and fortifications in France

Rating

4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

C. GAILLARD (14 months ago)
My first visit in the Pyrenees to one of the cities fortified by the strategist Vauban. Remains a historic solar oven. There is the National Training Center of the 1st Commando de Choc Regiment. The place invites you to imagine what could have happened.
Thierry Andrianaly (14 months ago)
Visit of one of the towns fortified by Vauban. It now houses the National Commando Training Center 1st Shock Regiment and a historic solar oven.
Wenceslao Janda (18 months ago)
It is really worth knowing, the village is magical, the fortress is very beautiful, very well preserved, it is a World Heritage Site, the town has a great charm. I recommend it 100%
eric gatell (19 months ago)
Military fortress. You can only see it from outside.
Jordi T. (Ubuntu) (2 years ago)
Disappointing The visit is not allowed and you can find it upon arrival at the entrance. However, a trek through its surroundings is beautiful.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Roman Walls of Lugo

Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.

Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.

The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.

Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.

Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.

The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.