San Lorenzo Church

Trento, Italy

Abbazia di San Lorenzo was built by Benedictine monks between 1166 and 1183. In 1778 it was turned into a prison and during the 19th a hospital and finally a military warehouse. The convent and cloister were then demolished in the Fascist era and during the Second World War the bell tower and the church suffered considerable damage.

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1166-1183
Category: Religious sites in Italy

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Daniel Dela Jiustina (Della) (3 months ago)
Very beautiful
Luca Tirnusciolo (4 months ago)
The abbey was built in Trento by Benedictine monks between 1166 and 1183, coming from the Abbey of San Benedetto in Vallalta di Albino (Bergamo). Popular tradition and some bibliography say that in the place where S. Lorenzo stands there was a small temple dedicated to "Larenzia", ​​a pagan divinity, of which no trace has yet emerged. The archaeological excavations conducted between 1995 and 1998 have shown, however, that the site was frequented in Roman times, with drainage works on which buildings are set up indicating a stable occupation, probably as early as the second century. In 1955, thanks to the interest of P. Eusebio Jori, the church was restored and reopened for worship, with the title of Civic Temple. In the right arm of the transept, on the floor, there is the Mascioni opus 1170 pipe organ, built in 2005.
Zeeshan Ali (7 months ago)
Trento
Massimo Sardagna (11 months ago)
Precious monument of the Romanesque city of 1146, sadly compressed between the railway station and that of the courier. It was once part of a large monastic complex of the Benedictine fathers of Vallalta. In the thirteenth century it passed to the Dominicans who remained there until 1776. Since then the monastery was gradually converted into life imprisonment, shelter for the poor, lazaret, barracks. In the fascist era it was demolished to make room for the "house of the balillas", which in turn was demolished after the Second World War to allow the rise of the bus station. The church spared in these vicissitudes, although damaged by the bombings of the Second World War, is located a few meters lower than the current level of the surrounding terrain and this is due to the floods of the Adige and the construction works of the railway. it is of limestone in the lower part, while at the top it ends with the brick. The interior, bare and severe, is very impressive. It has three naves and the presbytery with three apses is found relative to them. The vault is frescoed with the simple decoration of the 13th century Dominican star. It preserves statues of the sculptor Luigi Degasperi and stained glass windows by Remo Wolf.
Angela Nardo (2 years ago)
Church with essential lines, which helps meditation. Excellent acoustics, perfect for performances with historical instruments. Place that deserves to be lived, not just visited.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba

The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba and the Mezquita is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture.

According to a traditional account, a small Visigoth church, the Catholic Basilica of Saint Vincent of Lérins, originally stood on the site. In 784 Abd al-Rahman I ordered construction of the Great Mosque, which was considerably expanded by later Muslim rulers. The mosque underwent numerous subsequent changes: Abd al-Rahman II ordered a new minaret, while in 961 Al-Hakam II enlarged the building and enriched the Mihrab. The last of such reforms was carried out by Almanzor in 987. It was connected to the Caliph"s palace by a raised walkway, mosques within the palaces being the tradition for previous Islamic rulers – as well as Christian Kings who built their palaces adjacent to churches. The Mezquita reached its current dimensions in 987 with the completion of the outer naves and courtyard.

In 1236, Córdoba was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile, and the centre of the mosque was converted into a Catholic cathedral. Alfonso X oversaw the construction of the Villaviciosa Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the mosque. The kings who followed added further Christian features, such as King Henry II rebuilding the chapel in the 14th century. The minaret of the mosque was also converted to the bell tower of the cathedral. It was adorned with Santiago de Compostela"s captured cathedral bells. Following a windstorm in 1589, the former minaret was further reinforced by encasing it within a new structure.

The most significant alteration was the building of a Renaissance cathedral nave in the middle of the expansive structure. The insertion was constructed by permission of Charles V, king of Castile and Aragon. Artisans and architects continued to add to the existing structure until the late 18th century.

Architecture

The building"s floor plan is seen to be parallel to some of the earliest mosques built from the very beginning of Islam. It had a rectangular prayer hall with aisles arranged perpendicular to the qibla, the direction towards which Muslims pray. The prayer hall was large and flat, with timber ceilings held up by arches of horseshoe-like appearance.

In planning the mosque, the architects incorporated a number of Roman columns with choice capitals. Some of the columns were already in the Gothic structure; others were sent from various regions of Iberia as presents from the governors of provinces. Ivory, jasper, porphyry, gold, silver, copper, and brass were used in the decorations. Marvellous mosaics and azulejos were designed. Later, the immense temple embodied all the styles of Morisco architecture into one composition.

The building is most notable for its arcaded hypostyle hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, granite and porphyry. These were made from pieces of the Roman temple that had occupied the site previously, as well as other Roman buildings, such as the Mérida amphitheatre. The double arches were an innovation, permitting higher ceilings than would otherwise be possible with relatively low columns. The double arches consist of a lower horseshoe arch and an upper semi-circular arch.