Moyland Castle

Kleve, Germany

Moyland Castle (Schloss Moyland) is a moated castle in Bedburg-Hau in the district of Kleve, one of the most important neo-Gothic buildings in North Rhine-Westphalia.

1307 is the first time that a fortified farm called Moyland is documented with ditches and ramparts. It was between 1345 and 1355 redesigned by Roland von Hagedorn into a classical gothic castle with a square floor plan. In addition to three round towers it had on the north corner of a more powerful, fourth round tower, which served as a dungeon. From the interior courtyard the third tower was accessible and provided all sorts of comforts, such as a well, toilet, light niches and a fireplace. The western side of the castle was at that time, a great hall, the other sides consisted of walls with battlements. South of the main castle was a bailey, the castle gate through which the main castle was reached. In the 15th century in the courtyard of the main castle building new wings were built and a decorated chapel was added in the east tower.

Until the second half of the 17th Century there followed frequent changes of ownership inheritance, which ended in 1662, when the Brandenburg Field Marshal Alexander von Spaen purchased the fief. His descendant Wilhelm von Spaen sold the recently rebuilt castle in 1695 to the Brandenburg electors, and later Prussian King Friedrich I. He used Moyland primarily as a hunting lodge, and also as a love nest. His affair with the 17-year-old Emmericher citizen's daughter Katharina Rycker was made mention of at the Prussian court.

Under Johann Nikolaus von Steengracht from 1854 to 1862 a remodeling of the exterior was done in the Gothic Revival style. The Baroque interior was maintained largely untouched during the work under the Cologne Cathedral architect Ernst Friedrich Zwirner. The castle walls were covered with red brick and the three corner towers were fitted with battlements and pointed windows. The keep was set up with a historicist pointed roof. The gateway also experienced a reorganization and was made accessible via a newly built stone bridge. In the course of this work, the fore-castle was rebuilt on the foundation of its predecessor.

The castle survived the last battles of the Second World War relatively unscathed, until the arrival of the Allies on February 25, 1945. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery took the castle as his headquarters. In this period Winston Churchill also came to Moyland. After they left almost all of the sumptuous interior went through theft and vandalism by Canadian soldiers, and the castle was devastated. 1987 began with repairs to restore the buildings.

The castle buildings now house the art collection of the brothers Hans van der Grinten and Franz Joseph van der Grinten, collected over 50 years. The extensive collection includes exhibits from the 19th and 20th Century, including works by Erwin Heerich, Willem den Ouden, Rudolf Schoofs and Hermann Teuber. A major focus of the comprehensive collection of works by Joseph Beuys which consists of nearly 5000 pieces and thus is the world's largest collection of his work.

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Address

Am Schloß 4, Kleve, Germany
See all sites in Kleve

Details

Founded: 1345-1355
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Habsburg Dynasty (Germany)

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Jeff Mühlrad (8 months ago)
Beautiful castle with a gorgeous view at the top. The castle has lost some of its magic due to renovations though. The garden is also very relaxing
Ema V (9 months ago)
The castle itself is pretty. It just feels a bit empty on some parts and I whish there is more of history background. The voucher in café is great. You get drinks for a cheap with it :)
Mustafa S. Acar (10 months ago)
Incredibly amazing gardens around the museum. Free parking. There is an tourist information point at the entrance. Then you should buy tickets. Tickets for museum and gardens sold seperately. You should mention it. While you are buying tickets they provide discount vouchers to use at the cafe inside. At the museum mostly contemporary art is exhibited. In family room there is an virtual reality computer game. The tree houses and the drawbridge are a nice playground outside for the kids. There is also a zip line. The botanical gardens are definitely worth seeing.
maheswari tribhuana (13 months ago)
The castle absolutely worth a visit , the charming beauty of the building not to mentioned the stunning garden, family ticket ( of 5 person cost €15 and you’ve got €5 coupon back that you can use at their cafe , I mean they serves a lavazza coffee so it ain’t shabby at all with all local cakes delicacy) tough the exhibition inside were really my cup of tea unless you’re modern arts lover while I’m more Vincent Van Gogh arts admires
Anna Scibisz (17 months ago)
great place to go with the whole family. .tickets are not expensive views beautiful. at the end you can drink coffee and pay a slightly less voucher for the purchase of a ticket to the museum. beautiful views the surrounding nature and the old buildings of the castle figures of the beautiful park
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