The Valkhof is on a hill overlooking the river. It is the site of a former Charlemagne fortification and the surviving Carolingian elements are quite modest. There are two buildings with a Carolingian element. The first is an octogon chapel built in the style of Aachen in the 8th or 9th century. The initial building was constructed about 1000 and rebuilt about 1400. It used material from Charlemagne's fortification and we think we could identify some of these Caroilingian flat bricks. The second building is the ruin of Barbarossa's chapel that incorporated several Carolingian capitals on Roman pilars in the chapel.



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Founded: c. 1000 AD
Category: Religious sites in Netherlands


4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Philip Mueller (29 days ago)
Great museum to see how far the Roman Empire stretched and other interesting medieval artifacts. Truly enjoyed my visit.
Berta Jiménez-Alfaro Hacha (54 days ago)
It perfectly accomplish its purpose: local art and history centre. Approx 2hours visit.
Gavin Williams (2 months ago)
Split over 3 floors, the ground floor was laid out with some child friendly exhibits and games focusing on archeological digging. The top floor was the most interesting, with a temporary exhibition about saving the environment and more permanent exhibitions of local Roman artifacts. Fairly quiet during my visit so you could spend time looking at each piece. Worth trying to find some an alternative language audio guide if possible. Plan your visit for at least 1.5-2 hours.
Vadim Nelidov (2 months ago)
A very remarkable museum with an eclectic collection ranging from architecture and history to modern art and eco-activism. A great place to visit if you want to see a bit of everything
Robert Diel (3 months ago)
Museum Het Valkhof is a museum in the city of Nijmegen, in the Dutch province of Gelderland. This museum has existed since 1998 and arose from the merger of the Museum G.M. Kam (1922) for archeology and the Commanderie of St. John for ancient and modern art. The museum's collection includes Roman archaeology, ancient arts and crafts, and modern art. In November 2008 the statutory name of the museum was changed to Stichting Museum Het Valkhof-Kam. Museum Het Valkhof is located at the Kelfkensbos, on the edge of the Valkhof park. In Roman times there was a Roman army camp here. Later, Emperor Charlemagne may have had a palts (palace) built there. The current building was designed by Ben van Berkel. The clean lines and bright colors of the building contrast strongly with the park in which it is located. The architect opted for a central staircase, the bottom of which starts outside on the forecourt. The building was opened on September 14, 1999 by Queen Beatrix. The Archeology department has a varied collection of archaeological art and utensils from the Prehistory, Roman times and Middle Ages of the city and province. Themes such as religion, death and burial, trade and crafts shed light on everyday life when Noviomagus (Nijmegen) was the most important Roman city in the Netherlands. The Ancient Art Department consists of paintings, prints, drawings, sculpture and silver objects. The Modern Art department includes works of art from after 1960. Works from the pop art tradition, with its popular visual culture and contemporary expressionism, are strongly represented. The museum organizes several temporary exhibitions per year, including in the past the exhibitions The Van Limburg brothers, The last hours of Herculaneum, Luxury and decadence, Jan Jansen and Swip Stolk, and The world of Katherina. I arrived mid-afternoon on a cold December's day as dusk was starting outside. I had to choose what to see as there was not enough time to see everything. It was still great even though my time here was a little too short. I mainly looked at the Roman and Medieval period exhibitions. Beautiful museum and I will visit again.
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Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.