Arsaniou Monastery

Rethymno, Greece

Arsaniou Monastery for old men was possibly founded during the 2nd Byzantine period (961-1204). It was founded by a monk named Arsenios, after whom it was named.

According to the most likely version of events, it was deserted at one point due to pirates causing problems to coastal hamlets and, like many other Cretan monasteries, it was renovated before 1600. The Church of Agios Georgios, the Catholicon of the Monastery, a cruciform domed basilica, was inaugurated during the late 16th century. 

The great earthquake of 1856 destroyed a large part of the monastery and a decade later, the monks donated its property for the war of liberation of 1866. During the final Cretan revolution (1897-1898), Arsani suffered its own holocaust, with the Abbot Gabriel Klados meeting his doom after conflict with the Ottomans. This was the final contribution of the monastery shortly before the liberation of Crete.

The next landmark in the history of the monastery came in 1941, when the Germans executed monk Damianos Kallergis for fostering guerillas. 

The monastery was renovated in the early 1970s, with the addition of murals to the church and the construction of the museum and conference center.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 11th century
Category: Religious sites in Greece

More Information

orthodoxcrete.com

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Jelena Blagojevic (3 years ago)
The Arsaniou Monastery in Rethymno prefecture is located near Pangalochori, 11 kilometers east of Rethymno, so you can easily arrive there by car. Very nice and peaceful men's monastery, with beautifully decorated walls and ceilings. Worth seeing!
stone wood (3 years ago)
Arsaniou Kloster, im 16. Jahrhundert gegründet, befindet sich in der Nähe von Pagalochori Dorf, 11 km östlich von Rethymnon, in einer Lage mit Panoramablick auf das Kretische Meer. Die Kirche des Klosters wird dem Hl. Georg gewidmet und ist eine kreuzförmige Basilika mit Kuppel. In der Anlage befinden sich ein Museum und ein Konferenzzentrum. Der Name des Klosters wird wahrscheinlich nach einem Mönch namens Arsenios genommen. Nach einem anderen Aspekt kommt der Name entweder von Arsinoe, einer Frau, die ihr Vermögen gab, um das Kloster oder das Kap von Arsinoon zu bauen.
Ing. Petr Suchý, Sr. (3 years ago)
Close*
tony bennett (3 years ago)
We went to light a candle in remembrance of the wife's mother. It's a very beautiful place,so peaceful. It was a very moving experience.
Mike Kollert (3 years ago)
Sehr gut erhaltenes Kloster, für Besucher immer offen. Ruhig, einfach, traditionell... Für einen kleinen Ausflug zwischendurch eignet sich es perfekt...
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Angelokastro

Angelokastro is a Byzantine castle on the island of Corfu. It is located at the top of the highest peak of the island"s shoreline in the northwest coast near Palaiokastritsa and built on particularly precipitous and rocky terrain. It stands 305 m on a steep cliff above the sea and surveys the City of Corfu and the mountains of mainland Greece to the southeast and a wide area of Corfu toward the northeast and northwest.

Angelokastro is one of the most important fortified complexes of Corfu. It was an acropolis which surveyed the region all the way to the southern Adriatic and presented a formidable strategic vantage point to the occupant of the castle.

Angelokastro formed a defensive triangle with the castles of Gardiki and Kassiopi, which covered Corfu"s defences to the south, northwest and northeast.

The castle never fell, despite frequent sieges and attempts at conquering it through the centuries, and played a decisive role in defending the island against pirate incursions and during three sieges of Corfu by the Ottomans, significantly contributing to their defeat.

During invasions it helped shelter the local peasant population. The villagers also fought against the invaders playing an active role in the defence of the castle.

The exact period of the building of the castle is not known, but it has often been attributed to the reigns of Michael I Komnenos and his son Michael II Komnenos. The first documentary evidence for the fortress dates to 1272, when Giordano di San Felice took possession of it for Charles of Anjou, who had seized Corfu from Manfred, King of Sicily in 1267.

From 1387 to the end of the 16th century, Angelokastro was the official capital of Corfu and the seat of the Provveditore Generale del Levante, governor of the Ionian islands and commander of the Venetian fleet, which was stationed in Corfu.

The governor of the castle (the castellan) was normally appointed by the City council of Corfu and was chosen amongst the noblemen of the island.

Angelokastro is considered one of the most imposing architectural remains in the Ionian Islands.