Falsterbohus was the name of a number of historic castles made by Danish dating from the mid-1200s. The first castle was destroyed in 1311, when Hanseatic League attacked against Eric VI of Denmark. The second one was also destroyed in a battle only couple of years later, at this time by Swedish soldiers.
The castle was rebuilt again in the late 14th century as the residence of king’s bailiff. The market of Scania was also moved from Skanör to Falsterbo at this time. The bailiff’s house was moved to Malmö in the 15th century and the stategic value of Falsterbo decreased quickly. The castle was demolished already in 1596.
Today there are only castle foundations remaining. The building now known as Falsterbohus was built in 1908 as a hotel and casion and today it functions as a condominium.References:
Sirmione castle was built near the end of the 12th century as part of a defensive network surrounding Verona. The castle was maintained and extended first as part of the Veronese protection against their rivals in Milan and later under the control of the Venetian inland empire. The massive fortress is totally surrounded by water and has an inner porch which houses a Roman and Medieval lapidary. From the drawbridge, a staircase leads to the walkways above the walls, providing a marvellous view of the harbour that once sheltered the Scaliger fleet. The doors were fitted with a variety of locking systems, including a drawbridge for horses, carriages and pedestrians, a metal grate and, more recently, double hinged doors. Venice conquered Sirmione in 1405, immediately adopting provisions to render the fortress even more secure, fortifying its outer walls and widening the harbour.
Thanks to its strategical geographical location as a border outpost, Sirmione became a crucial defence and control garrison for the ruling nobles, retaining this function until the 16th century, when its role was taken up by Peschiera del Garda.