Falsterbohus was the name of a number of historic castles made by Danish dating from the mid-1200s. The first castle was destroyed in 1311, when Hanseatic League attacked against Eric VI of Denmark. The second one was also destroyed in a battle only couple of years later, at this time by Swedish soldiers.
The castle was rebuilt again in the late 14th century as the residence of king’s bailiff. The market of Scania was also moved from Skanör to Falsterbo at this time. The bailiff’s house was moved to Malmö in the 15th century and the stategic value of Falsterbo decreased quickly. The castle was demolished already in 1596.
Today there are only castle foundations remaining. The building now known as Falsterbohus was built in 1908 as a hotel and casion and today it functions as a condominium.References:
The Castle of Gruyères is one of the most famous in Switzerland. It was built between 1270 and 1282, following the typical square plan of the fortifications in Savoy. It was the property of the Counts of Gruyères until the bankruptcy of the Count Michel in 1554. His creditors the cantons of Fribourg and Bern shared his earldom. From 1555 to 1798 the castle became residence to the bailiffs and then to the prefects sent by Fribourg.
In 1849 the castle was sold to the Bovy and Balland families, who used the castle as their summer residency and restored it. The castle was then bought back by the canton of Fribourg in 1938, made into a museum and opened to the public. Since 1993, a foundation ensures the conservation as well as the highlighting of the building and the art collection.
The castle is the home of three capes of the Order of the Golden Fleece. They were part of the war booty captured by the Swiss Confederates (which included troops from Gruyères) at the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1476. As Charles the Bold was celebrating the anniversary of his father's death, one of the capes is a black velvet sacerdotal vestment with Philip the Good's emblem sewn into it.
A collection of landscapes by 19th century artists Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Barthélemy Menn and others are on display in the castle.