Christiansborg Palace

Copenhagen, Denmark

Christiansborg Palace is the seat of the Danish Parliament, the Danish Prime Minister's Office and the Danish Supreme Court. Also, several parts of the palace are used by the monarchy, including the Royal Reception Rooms, the Palace Chapel and the Royal Stables.

The palace is thus the house of Denmark's three supreme powers: the executive power, the legislative power, and the judicial power. It is the only building in the world that houses all three of a country's branches of government. Christiansborg Palace is owned by the Danish state, and is run by the Palaces and Properties Agency.

The present building, the third to be built on the site, is the last in a series of successive castles and palaces constructed on the same site since the erection of the first castle in 1167. The first castle on the site was Absalon's Castle. According to the Danish chronicler Saxo Grammaticus, Bishop Absalon of Roskilde built a castle in 1167 on a small island outside Copenhagen Harbour. Since the early fifteenth century, the various buildings have served as the base of the central administration; until 1794 as the principal residence of the Danish kings and after 1849 as the seat of parliament.

The palace today bears witness to three eras of Danish architecture, as the result of two serious fires. The first fire occurred in 1794 and the second in 1884. The main part of the current palace, finished in 1928, is in the historicist Neo-baroque style. The chapel dates to 1826 and is in a neoclassical style. The showgrounds were built 1738-46, in a baroque style.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1733
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Denmark
Historical period: Absolutism (Denmark)

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Michael Lykke Vad Olsson (9 months ago)
The Danish parliament. fantastic old building with lots of history. book a tour. check out the queen's museum. come up to the tower and see amazing copenhagen. a must see.
Karolina Dabrowska (9 months ago)
Loved the view from the tower. We got lucky to have absolutely no queque but usually there is some waiting time. Recommend on a nice and sunny day.
Abeer K (10 months ago)
Such a wonderful experience. Impressive palace, amazingly organized and super clean. All the rooms have something special. It’s like a museum of art, with paintings and sculptures and spectacular ancient furniture. The great hall is stunning with all the colorful pieces visualizing the history of Denmark. The queen’s library is beautiful. The part of the kitchen is super cute. There’s a smell of cake baking in there! The part of the ruins is interesting, especially the story of Leonora Christina. The royal stables are nice too. The staff is super friendly. Highly recommend.
Camille V (11 months ago)
Beautiful architecture and amazing view on Copenhagen. Beautiful place full of history. I could spend hours inside ?
O Everything (11 months ago)
This castle is a must-see when in Copenhagen. It is split into 4 paid parts, as well as the Tower. The Ruins under Christiansborg Palace is a ~20-30 minute long exhibition of the ruins found during the rebuilding of the castle in the early 20th century. They are quite interesting to learn about, and definitely worth a visit if you’re into that kind of stuff. The Royal Reception Rooms were by far my personal favorite. To enter, you need plastic under your shoes to protect the floors there. It consists of many beautiful rooms in the palace, with paintings, tapestries, and beautiful design. The Royal Kitchen is the smallest of the four (significantly smaller) and is just some pots and pans and some other minor things. You can get through this in under 10 minutes depending on how much you decide to read. My personal least favorite and worth a skip if you don’t have much time to spare. The Royal Stables I’m sure would be nice, we’re the horses not out for the summer. Without them, it is a room with exhibits on mainly saddles and a large room with many beautiful carriages. The Tower is free of charge. Be patient as there will be a long wait because of the singular elevator and security check, even without a queue. The view of the city is great, in my opinion better than the Round Tower’s view. (*My favorite part of the round tower was the history on the way up, not the view itself.) Access to all of these is free with the Copenhagen Card, so I recommend getting it if you’re coming here.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Gruyères Castle

The Castle of Gruyères is one of the most famous in Switzerland. It was built between 1270 and 1282, following the typical square plan of the fortifications in Savoy. It was the property of the Counts of Gruyères until the bankruptcy of the Count Michel in 1554. His creditors the cantons of Fribourg and Bern shared his earldom. From 1555 to 1798 the castle became residence to the bailiffs and then to the prefects sent by Fribourg.

In 1849 the castle was sold to the Bovy and Balland families, who used the castle as their summer residency and restored it. The castle was then bought back by the canton of Fribourg in 1938, made into a museum and opened to the public. Since 1993, a foundation ensures the conservation as well as the highlighting of the building and the art collection.

The castle is the home of three capes of the Order of the Golden Fleece. They were part of the war booty captured by the Swiss Confederates (which included troops from Gruyères) at the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1476. As Charles the Bold was celebrating the anniversary of his father's death, one of the capes is a black velvet sacerdotal vestment with Philip the Good's emblem sewn into it.

A collection of landscapes by 19th century artists Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Barthélemy Menn and others are on display in the castle.