Bolnisi Sioni Cathedral

Bolnisi, Georgia

Bolnisi Sioni Cathedral is a Georgian Orthodox basilica was built in 478–493. It is the oldest extant church building in Georgia. Bolnisi Sioni Cathedral is known for its Georgian Bolnisi inscriptions. These are one of the oldest historical documents of the Georgian alphabet.

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Founded: 478-493 AD
Category: Religious sites in Georgia

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Tamar Turmanidze (6 months ago)
Nice and blessful place
Giorgi Mirotadze (7 months ago)
Highly untypical architecture, next to unique archeological excavation sites. Great place to visit with family. In close proximity is an archeological museum and other important landmarks. The remains of the first europeans who migrated from Africa - Zezva and Mzia were found in that area.
Gela Turabelidze (14 months ago)
Away from the tourist routes, it's a must visit place for anyone interested in the history of Georgia and the Georgian language. Has the oldest Georgian inscriptions that date back to the 5th century.
Giorgi Mazmishvili (15 months ago)
This place is so beautiful and very nice.
Mariam Gviniashvili (2 years ago)
The historical place,where you can find first writing of georgian alphabet from V-VI century
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Pembroke Castle stands on a site that has been occupied at least since the Roman period. Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury founded the first castle here in the 11th century. Although only made from earth and wood, Pembroke Castle resisted several Welsh attacks and sieges over the next 30 years. The castle was established at the heart of the Norman-controlled lands of southwest Wales.

When William Rufus died, Arnulf de Montgomery joined his elder brother, Robert of Bellême, in rebellion against Henry I, William's brother and successor as king; when the rebellion failed, he was forced to forfeit all his British lands and titles. Henry appointed his castellan, but when the chosen ally turned out to be incompetent, the King reappointed Gerald in 1102. By 1138 King Stephen had given Pembroke Castle to Gilbert de Clare who used it as an important base in the Norman invasion of Ireland.

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Later de Valence family held Pembroke for 70 years. During this time, the town was fortified with defensive walls, three main gates and a postern. Pembroke Castle became de Valence's military base for fighting the Welsh princes during the conquest of North Wales by Edward I between 1277 and 1295.

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In 1648, at the beginning of the Second Civil War, Pembroke's commander Colonel John Poyer led a Royalist uprising. Oliver Cromwell came to Pembroke on 24 May 1648 and took the castle after a seven-week siege. Its three leaders were found guilty of treason and Cromwell ordered the castle to be destroyed. Townspeople were even encouraged to disassemble the fortress and re-use its stone for their purposes.

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Architecture

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