Abaluartado Castle was built in 1563 by Juan Manrique de Lara. It was built in new Renaissance style, coming from Italy, and was designed to defence agains new powerful gunpowder cannons.

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Founded: 1563
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

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4.2/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Manuel De Pedro Anton (13 months ago)
De lo que eran capaces de levantar nuestros ancestros y que ahora nosotros no sepamos valer conservar.
sonia diez garcia (14 months ago)
Ruinas de antiguo castillo. Me ha gustado imaginar cómo sería en su buena época
Mariano Rodríguez Nieto (14 months ago)
Interesante historia del castillo
Johnny Rumbao (16 months ago)
Magníficas vistas, bastante descuido.... Pero un entorno espectacular
Estefania Vega (18 months ago)
Un buen lugar para respirar profundo i ponerte a pensar tranquilamente respirando aire puro i unas magnificas vistas de nuestro querido pueblo san Leonardo de yague
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Externsteine Stones

The Externsteine (Extern stones) is a distinctive sandstone rock formation located in the Teutoburg Forest, near the town of Horn-Bad Meinberg. The formation is a tor consisting of several tall, narrow columns of rock which rise abruptly from the surrounding wooded hills. Archaeological excavations have yielded some Upper Paleolithic stone tools dating to about 10,700 BC from 9,600 BC.

In a popular tradition going back to an idea proposed to Hermann Hamelmann in 1564, the Externsteine are identified as a sacred site of the pagan Saxons, and the location of the Irminsul (sacral pillar-like object in German paganism) idol reportedly destroyed by Charlemagne; there is however no archaeological evidence that would confirm the site's use during the relevant period.

The stones were used as the site of a hermitage in the Middle Ages, and by at least the high medieval period were the site of a Christian chapel. The Externsteine relief is a medieval depiction of the Descent from the Cross. It remains controversial whether the site was already used for Christian worship in the 8th to early 10th centuries.

The Externsteine gained prominence when Völkisch and nationalistic scholars took an interest in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This interest peaked under the Nazi regime, when the Externsteine became a focus of nazi propaganda. Today, they remain a popular tourist destination and also continue to attract Neo-Pagans and Neo-Nazis.